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34) He concludes: 'The moral effects we find to have been increased misery and recklessness, showing itself in increased pauperism and drunkenness.
It is also clear that it continues to enshrine the notions of deserving/undeserving and fears of pauperism, even though, as Murphy points out, different words are used today: "mutual obligation" and "welfare-to-work.
Therefore, the editor of that volume wrote, "Poverty, crime and pauperism there are in Boston, but for the most part they may be regarded not as chronic nor as epidemic, but as, to a large extent, importations from without, or abnormal and exceptional.
The annual reports of the Society for the Prevention of Pauperism (later the Society for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents), as well as the writings of the members of the New York Free School Society (later the New York Public School Society), suggest the connection between education and juvenile justice reformers in nineteenth-century New York City.
Of particular interest in this chapter is Riall's discussion of the system of order and control to regulate pauperism and crime in both cities and the countryside.
In Along the archival grain, these arguments are most clearly developed in Chapters 4 and 5, where Stoler examines the musings of colonial authorities on suitable career paths for Indies-born Europeans and investigates official inquiries into Indo-European pauperism on Java.
William Cobbett argues that Henry VIII's expropriation of the Catholic Church's land and other ecclesiastical property wrecked the balanced structure of society that had made and maintained England as the most prosperous and contented country in Europe, and within a handful of years introduced pauperism where it had never before been known.
England prospered in the nineteenth century but pauperism grew alongside.
These critics believed that poor laws stimulated overpopulation and thus pauperism.
Browsing the 200s leads to the subclass Social Pathology (230), followed directly by Poverty, Dependency, Pauperism (231); Unemployment (industrial waste, other problems of labor) (234); Vagrants and Vagrancy (238); and Other Social Problems (immigration, race and population problems) (239) [27].
The book traced the lineage of the Juke family and explored the role that "hereditary taint" played in causing their pauperism, criminality, sexual depravity, and diseased bodies.