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peer

n. an equal. A "jury of one's peers," to which criminal defendants are constitutionally entitled, means an impartial group of citizens from the judicial district (e.g. county) in which the defendant lives. It does not mean a jury ethnically, educationally, economically, or sexually the same as the defendant, although, in some jurisdictions attempts are made to meet those criteria. (See: jury of one's peers)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

peer

originally a person with a right to be summoned to Parliament and a hereditary right for his heirs to be so summoned, now created by letters-patent. Disputes as to entitlement are made to the House of Lords on the advice of the Committee for Privileges. The order of precedence is dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons. As a result of reforms to the House of Lords in 1999 there are only 92 hereditary peers remaining pending further reform.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PEER. Equal. A man's peers are his equals. A man is to be tried by his peers.
     2. In England and some other countries, this is a title of nobility; as, peers of the realm. In the United States, this equality is not so much political as civil. A man who is not a citizen, is nevertheless to be tried by citizens.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pean accuses Ockrent of being incompetent and of sacking journalists for political reasons.
Pean's lawyer Florence Bourg described the ruling as "a victory for freedom of expression, of real debate on a very difficult subject."
In the second half, I will read "Monsieur X." alongside Pean's text, as well as in the additional information with which I will try to fill in elements "missing" from the story I will have reconstructed from the narrative "Monsieur X." What I will try to show from such detective work, speculative though it may be, is that certain kinds of memories are more resistant to narration that others.
'It actually was just pushing and not using any weapons,' Pean said.
pean Tour - at the Czech Open in 1996 - Lomas is turning into something of a late developer.
It is supported by a 50% grant worth pounds 1,111,673 from the Euro- pean Union's, Objective One, European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund directed through the Welsh Assembly Government.
I WONDER what part Speke Hall had in Liverpool winning the Euro pean City of Culture?
In a statement, the group said: "After a long and fruitful career spanning 17 years with SMG in the MENA and Euro- pean region, Filip has been asked to take on a global role for SMG and will assume this new role on 1 June.
Clegg sa know ther lo lots of p anxious th t e E Clegg said: "I know there are lots of people anxious about the Euro-pean Union, but no o -one ne can an bel elie ieve ve that it is good for Britain to be in an pean Union, but no-one can believe that it is good for Britain to be in an opposition of one."
But Usdaw union boss John Hannett said: "We hope the decision to withdraw the Twinings grant will send a clear signal to other companies that they cannot exploit EU funds to make UK workers redundant and relocate elsewhere in the Euros pean Union."