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peer

n. an equal. A "jury of one's peers," to which criminal defendants are constitutionally entitled, means an impartial group of citizens from the judicial district (e.g. county) in which the defendant lives. It does not mean a jury ethnically, educationally, economically, or sexually the same as the defendant, although, in some jurisdictions attempts are made to meet those criteria. (See: jury of one's peers)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

peer

originally a person with a right to be summoned to Parliament and a hereditary right for his heirs to be so summoned, now created by letters-patent. Disputes as to entitlement are made to the House of Lords on the advice of the Committee for Privileges. The order of precedence is dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons. As a result of reforms to the House of Lords in 1999 there are only 92 hereditary peers remaining pending further reform.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PEER. Equal. A man's peers are his equals. A man is to be tried by his peers.
     2. In England and some other countries, this is a title of nobility; as, peers of the realm. In the United States, this equality is not so much political as civil. A man who is not a citizen, is nevertheless to be tried by citizens.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fracture mechanics procedures have not been easily applied for peened components; moreover, peening has a greater effect on the crack initiation phase, where fracture mechanics cannot be applied.
Normally, automotive transmission components are shot peened with compressed air.
Tribology of Machine Hammer Peened Tool Surface for Deep Drawing.
For instance, it is shown in [11] that when both carbonitrided gear and carbonitrided plus peened gear made of AISI 4130 steel are subjected to contact fatigue testing, fatigue damages, which are ought to be in different modes, are found to occur after about the same testing time for both types of methods.
All of the deformation layers of peened specimen are clearly observable in the top layer, and the depth of strain layer, which slowly increases with the prolongation of peening time, is from 80 [micro]m to 150 [micro]m at the red arrows direction in the mircoscale.
As can be seen in Figure 4, a relatively complex RS field exists through the cross section of this coiled, shot peened and heat-set spring.
For those who don't know what I'm talking about, they are the small sacrificial dimples on the end of screws that are 'peened' or riveted with peening pliers to prevent them falling out, thus saving staff expensive time searching for new screws--and the associated loss of patient goodwill.
(Left to right) Marlize Horn, Bank Windhoek senior manager of marketing and corporate communications, Reinette Koegelenberg, CEO of CAN and Louis Peens, MD of Fruit and Veg City, at the launch of the project.
All specimens were peened so as the coverage is higher than 100% except one sample (#31) with coverage of 40%.
Italy struck in the second minute, full-back Gert Peens slotting over a penalty, but French scrum-half Dimitri Yachvili quickly levelled with his first drop goal attempt.