peer


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peer

n. an equal. A "jury of one's peers," to which criminal defendants are constitutionally entitled, means an impartial group of citizens from the judicial district (e.g. county) in which the defendant lives. It does not mean a jury ethnically, educationally, economically, or sexually the same as the defendant, although, in some jurisdictions attempts are made to meet those criteria. (See: jury of one's peers)

peer

noun associate, coequal, companion, compeer, competitor, comrade, contemporary, contender, corrival, equal, equivalent, fellow, likeness, match, mate, opposite number, par, parallel, rival
See also: contributor, copartner, delve, spy

peer

originally a person with a right to be summoned to Parliament and a hereditary right for his heirs to be so summoned, now created by letters-patent. Disputes as to entitlement are made to the House of Lords on the advice of the Committee for Privileges. The order of precedence is dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons. As a result of reforms to the House of Lords in 1999 there are only 92 hereditary peers remaining pending further reform.

PEER. Equal. A man's peers are his equals. A man is to be tried by his peers.
     2. In England and some other countries, this is a title of nobility; as, peers of the realm. In the United States, this equality is not so much political as civil. A man who is not a citizen, is nevertheless to be tried by citizens.

References in periodicals archive ?
Majority (60.9%,n=25%) of the journals had not mentioned the type(original article, review article, case report etc) of the manuscript they want to review nor did they asked the reviewers to classify the manuscript (P value 0.053).Open peer review was mentioned in 2(66.6%) proformas and single blind peer review in 1(33.3%) while majority (92.6%, n=38) of the journals did not mention peer review type in their proformas (P value 0.00001).
The proformas of 5(71.1%) journals directed the peer reviewers to send back the proforma via email while only 2(28.5%) journals demanded paper filled proforma via postage.
The major players operating in the peer to peer lending market include LendingTree, Inc, Lendingclub Corporation, onDeck Capital, Inc., Funding Circle Limited, Prosper Marketplace, Inc., Zopa, Kiva, CommonBond Inc., Upstart Network Inc., CircleBack Lending, Inc.
Burgum said work will continue during the 2019 legislative session to enable access to peer support by providing pathways to certification for peer support specialists.
Indeed, a little more than a year ago, Elsevier unveiled plans to add optional open peer review to its fleet of 2,500 journals by 2020.
She adds that despite the dire need for more assistance to combat the opioid crisis, she would not recommend relaxing the two-year sobriety period "because we need to protect the integrity of peer services.
Barbara Varenhorst (1990) stated it was essential that the Programmatic Standards and Ethics become the working documents in designing, implementing, evaluating, and improving peer programs.
[15] framed a methodology for low energy consumption for larger peer to peer networks.
Peer review program administering entities--in other words, state CPA societies--are required to perform oversight on peer reviewers.
Before discussing attitudes, practices and structures, it's important that we agree on what we mean by peer review, since what we call it and what it means to us will have a lot to do with what happens when we conduct it in our classes.
A peer may be choked by the peers it was earlier downloading from, thereby getting poor downloading rates.
A number of methods of peer assessment have been described in the academic literature.