peer review

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peer review

n. an examination and evaluation of the performance of a professional or technician by a board or committee made up of people in the same occupation. This may arise in determining whether a person has been legitimately discharged, denied promotion or penalized by an employer, or is found to have failed to meet minimum standards of performance and is thus liable in a lawsuit claiming damages due to negligence.

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References in periodicals archive ?
An examination of these handbooks revealed three major trends in organizational due process systems: the utilization of arbitration, the use of peer review systems, and very formalized open-door policies, especially with formal appeals to top-level management at the presidential or vive-presidential level.
The results of the current study converge with prior research on efficient usage and augmentation of scientific knowledge, strengths and shortcomings in the traditional peer review system, scientific journals that use peer review as a selection procedure, and the quality of selection decisions and reviewers' ratings.
Whether the journals clearly specify the peer review system?
In addition, the Appraisal Institute has developed a sophisticated peer review system through which it enforces its Code of Professional Ethics and Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice.
Under the agreement Primordial will install its platform and multiple applications, including a communications system and a full-featured peer review system, across a highly distributed and complex reading environment.
Medical malpractice claims by the service members themselves are barred by the Feres doctrine.* However, these cases are referred into the risk management peer review system when a Medical Evaluation Board (MEB) or Physical Evaluation Board (PEB) finds that care rendered to the service member deviated from the standard of care.
has user-generated content features for consumers to rate bars according to 'Le menu.' 'Le dance.' 'La clientele' and 'Le service,' creating a peer review system for beer connoisseurs, allowing users to select the perfect bar.
The peer review system is another type of review system that has been widely popular in the publication community.
The Professionalism Committee of the Orange County Bar Association has established an informal peer review system in order to address complaints regarding lack of attorney professionalism.
(This contrasts with, for example, the peer review system in academic publishing.
Commenting on last week s G-20 summit, Zoellick praised initiatives for a new peer review system.Eoe1/4A[yen] This system cannot be hierarchical, and it should not be bureaucratic," he said.
A belief in the relative fairness and openness of the peer review system is crucial to its vitality.