peer review

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peer review

n. an examination and evaluation of the performance of a professional or technician by a board or committee made up of people in the same occupation. This may arise in determining whether a person has been legitimately discharged, denied promotion or penalized by an employer, or is found to have failed to meet minimum standards of performance and is thus liable in a lawsuit claiming damages due to negligence.

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This feedback helps the editor to decide the fate of the manuscript.8 Surprisingly the assessment of peer review quality, standard and consistency is difficult because exact data of peer review is not yet available.9,10 Moreover the study of peer review is difficult and complex.9 The same manuscript receives different ratings by different peer reviewers evaluated through the same proforma resulting in low inter-rater reliability.11,12 Furthermore peer reviewers were found unable to point out all the errors in the manuscript.13 Since there is a growing need for systemic studies on peer review,14 we plan that one aspect of peer review assessment is to analyze the peer review proforma.
Elsevier's Philippe Terheggen believes transparency can only help, saying: 'Open peer review is certainly an instrument to increase trust in an article.
Examples of matters in peer reviews: www.aicpa.org/lnterestAreas/ PeerReview/Community/PeerReviewers/ DownloadableDocuments/Matters-in-PR.pdf
Additionally, the entire peer-review process has been attacked in recent years because of several articles, replete with bad science, that managed to get through peer review and were published in reputable journals.
The peer reviewer should provide a fist of all pertinent information to allow the administering entity (AE) to verify that the reviewer is qualified to perform peer reviews of the requested industry.
Cecile Bledsoe, R-Rogers, who wanted to prevent problems involving conflicts with hospitals and physicians peer review committees, she said.
In the course of research, we have also reevaluated and reaffirmed our policy of double-blind peer review for reasons to be detailed herein.
Recently, we have peer reviewed each other in the administration of the in-class peer review workshops we organize at our respective colleges, and we have come to this conclusion: despite stylistic and institutional differences, writing workshops address both the practical and philosophical challenges of peer review when they draw students, tutors, faculty, and writing center directors into an authentic conversation about what peer review is and how it works.
It is evident that federal courts believe the interests in enforcing laws against antitrust violations, employment discrimination, and fraud outweigh any public policy benefits favoring a privilege for medical peer reviews. (97) The Fourth Circuit in Virmani and Eleventh Circuit in Adkins allowed disclosure of peer-review information because they were persuaded that the race discrimination claims arose out of the process itself.
Unlike their civilian counterparts, healthcare providers in the military healthcare system are afforded multiple peer reviews when they are the subject of a NPDB report.
They also recognize the importance peer review plays in the state board of accountancy licensure process and for other regulators.
EXHIBIT 2 Distribution of Peer Reviews, 2004-2006, by Type of Review System 48% Engagement 30% Report 22% Revenue Considerations

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