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peer

n. an equal. A "jury of one's peers," to which criminal defendants are constitutionally entitled, means an impartial group of citizens from the judicial district (e.g. county) in which the defendant lives. It does not mean a jury ethnically, educationally, economically, or sexually the same as the defendant, although, in some jurisdictions attempts are made to meet those criteria. (See: jury of one's peers)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

peer

originally a person with a right to be summoned to Parliament and a hereditary right for his heirs to be so summoned, now created by letters-patent. Disputes as to entitlement are made to the House of Lords on the advice of the Committee for Privileges. The order of precedence is dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts and barons. As a result of reforms to the House of Lords in 1999 there are only 92 hereditary peers remaining pending further reform.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PEER. Equal. A man's peers are his equals. A man is to be tried by his peers.
     2. In England and some other countries, this is a title of nobility; as, peers of the realm. In the United States, this equality is not so much political as civil. A man who is not a citizen, is nevertheless to be tried by citizens.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
14 May 2019 - A subsidiary of Canada-based Peerage Realty Partners Inc.
Prince Philip and Princess Margaret had a rift over the latter's second husband's peerage.
Jeremy Corbyn retracted the tacit offer of a peerage to a close ally to instead reward the outgoing general secretary of the Labour Party, the Standard revealed.
Tom Watson said the timing was "not great" and revealed he had not been told of the Labour leader's intention to nominate Shami Chakrabarti for a peerage. The decision to give the former head of Liberty, the civil rights pressure group, a seat in the Lords has been met with fierce criticism from prominent Jews and Labour MPs.
But it emerged yesterday that Blair vetoed a peerage for Sir Ernest Harrison in 1997 after John Major asked for him to be honoured.
CONGRATULATIONS to Sir Alan Beith, the former Berwick MP, on the award of a peerage in yesterday's dissolution honours.
SIR Alan Sugar has congratulated former Birmingham City managing director Karren Brady after reports she is to receive a peerage.
Both studies treat of English and Scottish immigrants to Ireland; clearly, however, Ohlmeyer's is more narrowly focused socially, and significantly includes a sustained attention to the transformation of the small number of existing ancient families - almost exclusively Catholic - who comprised the peerage at the end of the sixteenth century.
In an exclusive interview about his new peerage, the headteacher said he had accepted the opportunity to sit in the House of Lords because it gave him the chance to continue to make a difference in society.
THE WIDOWof a dad kicked to death outside his home will be given a peerage.
DISGRACED MP Stephen Byers has come in for further criticism as it was revealed he will not receive a peerage.
Summary: Sir Alan Sugar is set to receive a peerage as part of a new enterprise role in Gordon Brown's Government.