per capita

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Related to per capita: Per capita GDP

Per Capita

[Latin, By the heads or polls.] A term used in the Descent and Distribution of the estate of one who dies without a will. It means to share and share alike according to the number of individuals.

In a per capita distribution, an equal share of an estate is given to each heir, all of whom stand in equal degree of relationship from a decedent. For example, a woman died intestate, that is, without a will. Her husband and three children predeceased her, and her only living heirs are her ten grandchildren. These grandchildren will take per capita. In other words, each grandchild will receive one-tenth of the estate.

Per capita differs from per stirpes, where persons do not inherit in their individual capacity but take as part of a group represented by a deceased ancestor closer in line to the decedent.

per capita

adj. Latin for "by head," meaning to be determined by the number of people. To find the per capita cost, the total number of persons are added up and the bill, tax or benefits are divided equally among those persons.

per capita

ad verb allocated, an equal percentage, each to each, per head, percentage, pro rata, respectively, share and share alike, to each according to his share

per capita

‘by head’, one of two common methods of division of a fund, usually an estate. Per capita is division by head. Everyone gets an equal share, no matter how close or distant the relationship. Per stirpes is ‘division by branch’ - each branch of the family gets the same. For example, Robert has two sons, William and Edward. William's sons are Tom and David. Edward's sons are Mike and Harry. If William dies and then Robert dies, then the estate would per capita be divided equally between Tom, David and Edward, each getting one third (Mike and Harry being excluded by their living father, Edward). If the division is per stirpes, then the William branch and the Edward branch get half each. Edward is alive and gets his half, whereas on this model Tom and David take a per capita division of the amount allocated to the stirpes, i.e. one quarter of the estate.

PER CAPITA, by the head or polls. This term is applied when an estate is to be divided share and share alike. For example, if a legacy be given to the issue of A B, and A B at the time of his death, shall have two children and two grandchildren, his estate shall be divided into four parts, and the children and grandchildren shall each have one of them. 3 Ves. 257; 13 Ves. 344. Vide 1 Rop. on Leg. 126, 130.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the growth of per capita income and consumption fluctuates over time, it has stayed positive for two decades.
This implies that per capita income variable as a whole can be explained by the variable of GRDP at CMV, GRDP at CP and Total Population/life.
This tiny city-state has moved up from 5th position to take 3rd with per capita income (PPP) of $82,763, which is five times the average per capita income for an ordinary individual in the world.
Across the United States, county per capita income ranged from $15,787 in Wheeler County, Georgia to $194,485 in Teton County, Wyoming.
Egypt came in 109th globally, with per capita estimated at $ 6,650 a year, Jordan ranked 114th at $6,200 a year and Morocco ranked 119th globally at approximately $5,500 a year.
It is possible to break down the per capita income increase into three contributors: the ratio of the working age population to the total population; the employment ratio (employment by working-age population); and labor productivity, defined as GDP per employed individual.
Ranking tables showing 2013 GNI, GNI per capita, gross domestic product (GDP), GDP at purchasing power parity per capita, and population data are available on the World Bank s Open Data Catalog website.
This leads to the disproportionate mis-match between the per capita income and the per capita rice consumption.
In Italy and Spain, GDP per capita was just below the EU27 average.
In 2000, the difference between the poorest and richest region in GDP per capita was only 47%.
BRUSSELS, Jun 21, 2011 (TUR) -- The difference between Turkey and the EU is diminishing in terms of national income per capita.