But what if every defamation claim arising from statements on social mediaindeed every case arising from a written communicationis, under longstanding but seldom-cited Minnesota precedent, actionable without the need to prove actual damages regardless of whether it falls into one of the specified categories of defamation per se
* "Per se
" limit for marijuana when combined with alcohol or other drugs.
Four years ago, as Per Se
's pastry chef, Boyles started helping from afar at The French Laundry.
We should not deprive ourselves the chance to enhance these procompetitive effects by applying a per se
legality rule that questions their market consequences.
Heritability ([h.sup.2.sub.NS]) of yield per se
was calculated based on regression approach given by Smith and Kinman, (1965).
No lo es, en efecto, aquello que una cosa es per se
al modo en que blanco [se predica de] superficie ya que ser superficie no es ser blanco.
The appellate court held that plaintiffs had adequately alleged antitrust injury on the grounds that: (1) horizontal price-fixing constitutes a per se
antitrust violation; (2) a plaintiff alleging a per se
antitrust violation need not separately plead harm to competition; and (3) a consumer who pays a higher price on account of horizontal price-fixing suffers antitrust injury.
Administrative judges at the EEOC have such a low tolerance for per se
reprisal that generally, even if an underlying complaint of discrimination lacks merit, an employee may prevail in cases in which there is sufficient evidence of per se
Law firms specializing in "nursing home negligence" will attempt to use the 2567 as evidence of negligence per se
, giving the false impression that the presence of a deficiency always indicates negligence.
presumptions of fault, falsity, and damages are not permissible, and thus the common law doctrine of libel per se
cannot apply." So the question became whether Scott Weier and Author Solutions were media defendants.
and charged with operating under the influence of liquor and operating under the influence of liquor greater than .08 percent per se
and miscellaneous equipment violations.
KEY WORDS: Dagher, antitrust, per se
rule, joint ventures, democracy, corporate capitalism.