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noun animans, beast, beast of burden, beast of the field, brute, brute creation, created being, creature, pet, wild being
Associated concepts: animals of a base nature, domestic annmals, wild animal
Foreign phrases: Animalia fera, si facta sint mansueta et ex consuetudine eunt et redeunt, volant et revolant, ut cervi, cygni, etc., eo usque nostra sunt, et ita intelligunnur quamdium habuerunt animum revertendi.Wild aniials, if they are tamed, and are accustomed to leave and return, fly away and fly back, as stags, swans, etc., are connidered to belong to us so long as they have the intention of returning to us.

ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
The committee has said that there should be licensed suppliers of performing animals who are trained to handle them as per law.
Derby, an author and former Hollywood wild animal trainer for such series as "Lassie," "Daktari" and "Flipper," founded PAWs with marketing executive in 1987 to care for abused, abandoned or retired performing animals.
They formed the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) in 1984.
But then I think, maybe even just performing Animal Farm around Britain is doing something.
Earth Island's friend Marc Bekoff reports that Mark "the Bermanator" Berman of International Marine Mammal Project led a lively discussion at a meeting of the Performing Animal Welfare Society in May, in Sacramento, CA.
Measures that could see an end to elephants, lions, tigers, monkeys and bears touring with circuses were unveiled today at a press conference on Capitol Hill attended by the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), Congressmen Jim Moran, along with Bob Barker, CSI's Jorga Fox, and Animal Defenders International (ADI).
The provider of the camels also had the necessary wild and performing animal certificates.
For example, livestock and equine hauliers, farmers, animal breeders, performing animal transporters and those working at markets, assembly centres and slaughterh ouses.
Christie's,in New York, estimated that the 11 pieces of jewellery on offer could raise pounds 55,000 for the Performing Animal Welfare Society, a California group that runs a refuge for abused and retired elephants, lions,bears and other wildlife.
In 1989, Feld's security team hired two agents, Julie Lewis and Douglas Martin, to infiltrate the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS).
As a veterinarian in 1982-84, I worked for an animal dealer who imported 44 baby African elephants to train for the performing animal industry.
A Californian performing animal firm, Have Trunk Will Travel, owns 42-year-old Tai.

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