When we compare these findings with Puerto Rican discourse, as evidenced by El corpus del Habla Popular and by El Habla Culta de los Jovenes, we note that Porto-Crucian Spanish is very similar to Puerto Rican Spanish: in a sample of five informants from both corpora there is a tendency to favor the imperfect in gerund periphrases
in 89.3% of the cases (Table 3).
in Attic prose.' AJPh 6:291-308.
2011b The substance of language, 2: Morphology, paradigms, and periphrases
. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The author cleverly compares the overt realization of the complement in verb periphrases
with ne to the overt expression of the subject, which is only required in specific contexts, and the appearance of the complement in transitive verbs that can participate in transitive and intransitive constructions, and concludes that ne is a null-object marker, i.e., ne indicates that the object of the verb need not be expressed.
Then there is George Canning, whose speeches are "so many different periphrases
for this one word--Legitimacy" (11:156).
Mais jamais elle ne la designe autrement que par des periphrases
, et elle laisse finalement vacante la place de son nom.
To those who balked at the word "Negress" and its colonial connotations, and who proposed periphrases
such as "women of African origin," "women of color," "women of the South," or even "women on the move," Simone retorted that, on the contrary, it was good to shock.
De la l'une des periphrases
oxymoriques par lesquelles le designe le narrateur: "grotesque premier clerc." (2) Elle recouvre l'incompatibilite apparente entre son nanisme, grotesque par nature, et son elevation intellectuelle et spirituelle, suivant l'acception historique et litteraire originelle de clerc: homme de culture et homme de foi.