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Related to personal pronoun: possessive pronoun, demonstrative pronoun


In general usage, a human being; by statute, however, the term can include firms, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in Bankruptcy, or receivers.

A corporation is a "person" for purposes of the constitutional guarantees of equal protection of laws and Due Process of Law.

Foreign governments otherwise eligible to sue in United States courts are "persons" entitled to institute a suit for treble damages for alleged antitrust violations under the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 et seq.).

Illegitimate children are "persons" within the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The phrase interested person refers to heirs, devisees, children, spouses, creditors, beneficiaries, and any others having a property right in, or a claim against, a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected person. It also refers to personal representatives and to fiduciaries.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) a human being. 2) a corporation treated as having the rights and obligations of a person. Counties and cities can be treated as a person in the same manner as a corporation. However, corporations, counties and cities cannot have the emotions of humans such as malice, and therefore are not liable for punitive damages. (See: party, corporation)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations. A PARTNERSHIP in England is not a separate legal person but in Scotland it is said to have quasi-personality.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
     2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
     3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
     4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
     5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
     6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
     7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
     8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recognising linguistic choices to vary texts according to their intended audience and degree of formality, for example, changing personal pronouns to indicate changes in relationships or degree of (in)formality between participants (ACARA, 2013).
In what follows, I will closely examine the shift in narrative levels in excerpt [3], focusing on such stylistic aspects as the verb tense, pronouns, the sentence length, and the sentence structure (below, Table 2 shows sentence structure and Table 3 shows personal pronouns in the first three paragraphs of [3]).
As both (12a) and (12b) have a personal pronoun, syntactic distance is similar.
(26) <B COBEDE><R 5.110.16> Woes [??]es ilca ce[??]elbehrt Eormanrices sunu was this same Edelberth, Eormanric's son 'He was the aforementioned Edelberth, Eormanric's son' (27) <B COCHAD><R 76> Se ilca Owine wes munuc micelre geearnunge the same Owen was monk with great merit 'The aforementioned Owen was a monk of great merit' Both ilca and self appear emphatically with proper names, whereas personal pronouns require self, both in reflexive and emphatic use, as in (28) and (29):
(12) This section will explore the question of whether the CPA personal pronoun also developed the function of being a marker of subject agreement in connection with the Participle.
As mentioned above, the pronoun [phrase omitted] is also an emphatic personal pronoun composed of the stem [phrase omitted] '-self.
This shows that the number of plural personal pronouns used inclusively is almost equal to the number of pronouns used exclusively.
The birth of a functional category: From Latin ille to the Romance article and personal pronoun. In Guglielmo Cinque & Giampaolo Salvi (eds.), 157-171.
I begin by considering the counterfactual statements in "A Castaway" and in an essay from A Housewife's Opinions, "Poets and Personal Pronouns," to show how Webster's dramatic poems served as a testing ground for the theories of reform and social thought that she went on to develop in her essays.
ACC accusative, NOM nominative, PL plural, SG singular, DEF definite article, INDEF indefinite article, M masculine, F feminine, N neuter, PART particle, AUX auxiliary, PERS.PRON personal pronoun, INF infinitive
As scholars Chisato Kitagawa and Adrienne Lehrer (1990) maintain, personal pronouns do not always carry a personal meaning and may be used referentially (when personal pronoun stand for specific individuals), impersonally/generically (when pronouns stand for anyone, everyone, people in general), and vaguely (when pronouns stand for specific unidentified individuals) (Kitagawa, Lehrer 1990: 742).
The narcissism scores mentioned in the research findings were based on the personal pronoun used by each CEO in the Q&A sessions of analyst briefings conducted by companies to announce their earnings, as well as other verbal CEO communications.

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