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In general usage, a human being; by statute, however, the term can include firms, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in Bankruptcy, or receivers.

A corporation is a "person" for purposes of the constitutional guarantees of equal protection of laws and Due Process of Law.

Foreign governments otherwise eligible to sue in United States courts are "persons" entitled to institute a suit for treble damages for alleged antitrust violations under the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 12 et seq.).

Illegitimate children are "persons" within the meaning of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The phrase interested person refers to heirs, devisees, children, spouses, creditors, beneficiaries, and any others having a property right in, or a claim against, a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected person. It also refers to personal representatives and to fiduciaries.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) a human being. 2) a corporation treated as having the rights and obligations of a person. Counties and cities can be treated as a person in the same manner as a corporation. However, corporations, counties and cities cannot have the emotions of humans such as malice, and therefore are not liable for punitive damages. (See: party, corporation)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


the object of legal rights. There are two kinds of legal person: human beings and artificial persons such as corporations. A PARTNERSHIP in England is not a separate legal person but in Scotland it is said to have quasi-personality.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex, &c. A person is a man considered according to the rank he holds in society, with all the rights to which the place he holds entitles him, and the duties which it imposes. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 137.
     2. It is also used to denote a corporation which is an artificial person. 1 Bl. Com. 123; 4 Bing. 669; C. 33 Eng. C. L R. 488; Woodes. Lect. 116; Bac. Us. 57; 1 Mod. 164.
     3. But when the word "Persons" is spoken of in legislative acts, natural persons will be intended, unless something appear in the context to show that it applies to artificial persons. 1 Scam. R. 178.
     4. Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women. Men are capable of all kinds of engagements and functions, unless by reasons applying to particular individuals. Women cannot be appointed to any public office, nor perform any civil functions, except those which the law specially declares them capable of exercising. Civ. Code of Louis. art. 25.
     5. They are also sometimes divided into free persons and slaves. Freemen are those who have preserved their natural liberty, that is to say, who have the right of doing what is not forbidden by the law. A slave is one who is in the power of a master to whom he belongs. Slaves are sometimes ranked not with persons but things. But sometimes they are considered as persons for example, a negro is in contemplation of law a person, so as to be capable of committing a riot in conjunction with white men. 1 Bay, 358. Vide Man.
     6. Persons are also divided into citizens, (q.v.) and aliens, (q.v.) when viewed with regard to their political rights. When they are considered in relation to their civil rights, they are living or civilly dead; vide Civil Death; outlaws; and infamous persons.
     7. Persons are divided into legitimates and bastards, when examined as to their rights by birth.
     8. When viewed in their domestic relations, they are divided into parents and children; husbands and wives; guardians and wards; and masters and servants son, as it is understood in law, see 1 Toull. n. 168; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1890, note.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
And, of course, always wear a personal flotation device and do not use drugs or alcohol before operating a personal watercraft.
In the end, besides the sore muscles, several cuts on my hands and feet, and a bruised pride from the ribbing I took from the peanut gallery ashore, I came away with a renewed sense of caution and respect for riding my personal watercraft. Maybe I should stick to flying a little while longer and put my "professional" WaveRunner-stunt career on hold.
Shortly after the NTSB study was published, the agency directed the Personal Watercraft Industry Association to work with the Coast Guard and use the study's results to develop appropriate steering standards for jet-pump propelled vessels.
"USLA intends to create a consensus national standard that can be used by all agencies and organizations employing personal watercraft in rescue," said B.
In California, where Montgomery developed his new gadget, personal watercraft are restricted by Harbor and Navigation Codes Sections 655.2 (a) (1) and (2) (a), which make it illegal to operate any vessel propelled by machinery at a speed in excess of 5 mph within 100 feet of persons engaged in bathing (this includes swimmers, surfers, and divers) or within 200 feet of a beach frequented by bathers.
Dewi Rowlands, Anglesey council's transport director, said, 'We warmly welcome responsible personal watercraft users but will take action to curb those who recklessly endanger lives around the island's many popular family beaches.'
Polaris is the recognized leader in the snowmobile industry; one of the largest manufacturers of ATVs in the world; and a leading manufacturer of personal watercraft. Victory motorcycles, established in 1998 and representing the first all-new American-made motorcycle, from a major company, in nearly 60 years, is rapidly making impressive in-roads into the motorcycle cruiser marketplace.
According to the California Air Resources Board fact sheet, a typical personal watercraft with a two-stroke engine generates more smog-producing emissions in seven hours of operation than a 1998 passenger car driven 100,000 miles.
The pilot scheme for personal watercraft is planned to run from September 2002 to May 2003, with evaluation in May/June 2003.
He then introduced the manufacturing of trailers for boats, personal watercraft, snowmobiles and all-terrain utility vehicles.
Todd Wilkinson's article on Russell Long, founder of the Bluewater Network ("Cutting the Jet Ski Engines," September/October), misstated several facts regarding personal watercraft. Personal watercraft owners have never sought unlimited access to all waterways in national parks.
Standard PA-27 (Motorized Watercraft Training) specifies that the camp "have written evidence that all operators and drivers are provided training prior to use of motorboats and personal watercraft." The standard goes on to specify procedures and on-the-water training.

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