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to assume the identity of another person with intent to deceive.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TO PERSONATE, crim. law. The act of assuming the character of another without lawful authority, and, in such character, doing something to his prejudice, or to the prejudice of another, without his will or consent.
     2. The bare fact of personating another for the purpose of fraud, is no more than a cheat or misdemeanor at common law, and punishable as such. 2 East, P. C. 1010; 2 Russ. on Cr. 479.
     3. By the act of congress of the 30th April, 1790, s. 15, 1 Story's Laws U. S. 86, it is enacted, that "if any person shall acknowledge, or procure to be acknowledged in any court of the United States, any recognizance, bail or judgment, in the name or names of any other person or persons not privy or consenting to the same, every such person or persons, on conviction thereof, shall be fined not exceeding five thousand dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding seven years, and whipped not exceeding thirty-nine stripes, Provided nevertheless. that this act shall not extend to the acknowledgment of any judgment or judgments by any attorney or attorneys, duly admitted, for any person or persons against whom any such judgment or judgments shall be bad or given." Vide, generally, 2 John. Cas. 293; 16 Vin. Ab. 336; Com. Dig. Action on the case for a deceit, A 3.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It is trying to solve a problem that doesn't exist: there were just eight allegations of 'personation' fraud across the whole of the UK last year.
In count 2, the prosecution alleged that the three members of staff of the school acted in concert by aiding and abetting 'the commission of examination malpractice by personation' when they alleged 'registered Senator Ademola Adeleke and Sikiru Adeleke' while knowing or having 'reasons to believe that they are not students of the school.'
These cases of personation were occuring much too frequently in Manchester.
Cooke's personation of the monster in Frankenstein, and I am sure he will receive many valuable hints towards perfecting himself in the character of Banquo's sprite; or rather, I should say, let Mr.
The criticism ranges from posters being defaced to "voter personation" and even all-out vote-rigging - one or two have even been tested in court.
does not mention a phrase Newman introduces in this very sermon to speak precisely of the personalist nature of revealed religion: "method of personation." The personal God reveals Godself in history through the mediation of human persons, supremely in Jesus Christ.
Lawyers for the group made a series of allegations, including "personation" in postal voting and at polling stations, and ballot paper tampering.
Ballot papers landing on the mat can be easily intercepted, giving determined politically-motivated individuals the illegal benefit of multiple votes through dictation, intimidation or personation. In a frenzied attempt to make voting easier, Labour governments extended the postal vote beyond reason, thereby opening the doors to corruption.
According to ECP, all contesting candidates and their supporters shall avoid scrupulously all activities which are offences under the election laws, such as bribing of voters, intimidation and personation, canvassing within 400 yards of a polling station including setting up of camps.
"Such Sections are 107 (Abetment of Crime), 120B (Criminal Conspiracy), 403 (Dishonest misappropriation of property), 406 (Criminal breach of trust), 409 (Criminal breach of trust by public servant), 415 (Cheating), 418 (Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss will be caused), 419 (Punishment for cheating by personation) and 477A (Falsification of accounts).
police have the power to arrest someone for the electoral offence of "personation" not just at polling stations but at any Police have the power to arrest someone for the electoral offence of "personation" not just at polling stations but at any location.