petit jury

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Petit Jury

The ordinary panel of twelve persons called to issue a verdict in a civil action or a criminal prosecution.

Petit jury is used interchangeably with petty jury.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

petit jury

n. old-fashioned name for the jury sitting to hear a lawsuit or criminal prosecution, called "petit" (small) to distinguish it from a "grand" jury, which has other duties. (See: jury, grand jury)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

petit jury

a jury of 12 persons empanelled to determine the facts of a case and decide the issue pursuant to the direction of the court on points of law. See also GRAND JURY.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
(107) To calculate the first probability, use the cumulative binomial calculator and enter the expected number of petit jurors from the distinctive group into the field usually called "successes." In Wayne County, where the black population is 40%, this number is 4.8 (40% of 12).
This calculation is not limited to determining the defendant's risk of getting zero black veniremembers; it evaluates the risk of drawing fewer than the expected number of black petit jurors from a perfectly representative venire.
u = probability of drawing fewer than the expected number of black petit jurors from an underrepresentative venire
(106.) The following is the binomial probability mass function, which provides the probability of seating exactly x number of black petit jurors:
to pay wage replacement or supplementation to any petit juror in civil
day, to any petit juror beginning on the tenth day of service.
(234) While petit jurors receive instructions from both the prosecutor and the judge, grand jurors can, and do, receive similar instructions.
(350) Moreover, this training issue is equally, if not more, applicable to petit jurors. As indicated by the GJLA Survey, grand jurors, unlike petit jurors, get "on the job training" as they hear more and more cases during their eighteen months of service.
Arguably, most feel more comfortable if the petit jurors showed greater deference to the judge rather than the prosecution or defense, because theoretically speaking the judge should not be vested in the final outcome, only in the fact that the proper procedures were followed.
Grand juror qualifications are minimal; like petit jurors, grand jurors need only be: (1) U.S.
For example, court records from the Michigan Territory reveal that contempt proceedings against delinquent jurors occupied much of the circuit court's caseload--the court considered twenty-nine indictments for assault and battery, forty-three indictments for theft-related crimes, and fifty-eight contempt proceedings against men who had failed to attend as grand or petit jurors.(36) In Williamson County, Tennessee, "the fining or excusing of jurors was an initial docket matter at each term of court between 1810-1820.-(37)
Contrary to the chorus of claims that the intelligence of the average juror was lower than that of the average citizen, two studies of petit jurors during this period found that juries in several cities reflected an economic status higher than that of the general population.