carrier

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Related to phase modulation: frequency modulation, amplitude modulation

carrier

n. in general, any person or business which transports property or people by any means of conveyance (truck, auto, taxi, bus, airplane, railroad, ship), almost always for a charge. The carrier is the transportation system and not the owner or operator of the system. There are two types of carriers: common carrier (in the regular business or a public utility of transportation) and a private carrier (a party not in the business, but agrees to make a delivery or carry a passenger in a specific instance). Regular transportation systems are regulated by states and by the Interstate Commerce Commission if they cross state lines. (See: common carrier, private carrier)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

carrier

see COMMON CARRIER, CARRIAGE BY ROAD.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
The paper is organized as follows: section 2 presents a description of QPSK phase modulation format and the CMA and backpropagation electronic compensation techniques.
The main goal of this article was to estimate the influence of FOPA pump phase modulation and of the mutual SOP mismatch between the signal and the pump at FOPA input on the efficiency and on the spectrum of the generated idler spectral components.
Aulin, "Serially concatenated continuous phase modulation with convolutional codes over rings,' IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol.
The phase modulation law, obtained by numerical integration of the frequency modulation law, can be calculated according to following equations:
This stimulus feature, the sign of frequency difference, is concealed in the temporal pattern of amplitude and phase modulation in the sensory stimulus.
Electronic phase modulation of this kind will work well with fairly long-term processes, but electronic carrier waves have fairly low frequencies.
The supplement beam is caused by a defect with radius R, and [phi] denotes the phase modulation. On the basis of the Babinet theorem, the analysis of a beam modulated by a small defect is related to the circular aperture diffraction.
The paper [16] uses conventional I-Q MSK modulator while phase modulation based on MSK modulator is presented in [15].
He covers basic principles of multi-carrier communication systems, multiple input multiple output OFDM space-time block coding systems, peak to average power ratio using a selective mapping scheme, performance evaluation of the OFDM and single-carrier scheme with frequency domain equalization (SC-FDE) systems using continuous phase modulation (CPM), a chaotic interleaving scheme for the CPM-OFDM and CPM-SC-FDE systems, efficient image transmission over OFDM-based and multiple-carrier code division multiple access based systems, and efficient image transmission over single-carrier-frequency division multiple access based systems.
The transmission has a train of notch filters which can be flatten by cutting the metal layer orthogonally to the direction of propagation making the device better suited for broadband phase modulation.
In addition to streamlining frequency usage through modulation methods such as polarization division multiplexing and phase modulation, the technology enables significant improvements in receiver sensitivity.