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Phocine distemper virus infection in harp seals (Phoca groenlandica).
The 1988 and 2002 phocine distemper virus epidemics in European harbor seals.
phocid herpesvirus-1, phocid herpesvirus-2, and phocine distemper virus in harbor seals from Alaska, 1976-1999.
Identification and real-time PCR quantification of phocine distemper virus from two colonies of Scottish grey seals in 2002.
Dolphin and porpoise morbillivirus are genetically distinct from phocine distemper virus.
During the 2002 phocine distemper epidemic, 2,284 seals, primarily harbor seals (Phoca vitulina), were found stranded along the Dutch coast.
Phocine distemper virus (PDV) infection (1-3) was considered responsible for the deaths of [approximately equal to] 18,000 seals in Europe in the first recorded outbreak in 1988 (4), and of [approximately equal to] 22,000 seals in the second outbreak in 2002 (5,6).
Phocine distemper virus 1 was isolated from seals in German waters.
16) used the terms reservoir and satellite to describe the dynamics of Phocine distemper virus in the North Sea population of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina).
This vaccine protects harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and dogs against phocine distemper virus infection (2), which is closely related to CDV, and resulted in protective antibody levels to CDV in African wild dogs monitored at the beginning of this captive breeding program (data not shown).
A monoclonal antibody against the nucleoprotein of phocine distemper virus, known to cross-react with canine distemper virus and cetacean morbilliviruses, was used as primary antibody.