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Robb, "Phonatory characteristics of Parkinsonian speech before and after morning medication: The ON and OFF states," Journal of Communication Disorders, vol.
Acoustic- and EGG-parametrisations of Phonatory Quality Provide Voice Profiles of Normal Speakers.
[20] studied the acoustic features related to the phonatory subsystem function and identified increased phonatory instability (e.g., increased variability in the amplitude and fundamental frequency [F0] of voice, increased jitter and shimmer, etc.) and reduced phonatory limits (e.g., F0 range) as acoustic indicators of vocal involvement (see also [16, 21-26]).
Kim, "Phonatory characteristics of patients undergoing thyroidectomy without laryngeal nerve injury," Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, vol.
In normal aging, many physiological changes gradually take place in the phonatory system: changes in the larynx, in the respiratory system, in the resonance cavities, and in the organs of articulation as a consequence of deterioration in the muscles, cartilage, articulations, ligaments and laryngeal mucous membrane (Fernandez, Ruba, Marques, & Sarraqueta, 2006; Linville, 2004).
Herbst and the other researchers imitated the elephant's lungs by blowing controlled streams of warm, humid air through the excised larynx while adjusting the elephant vocal folds into a phonatory, or vocal-ready, position.
The author underlines that pedagogues who work with young voices must be cognizant of the characteristics of the juvenile vocal instrument; however, phonatory activity is critical for children because the development of the vocal folds is dependent on increasing complex vocal tasks.
A study examining the effects of three nebulizer treatments on Phonation Threshold Pressure (PTP) and Perceived Phonatory Effort (PPE) used substances with different osmotic properties: saline solution--isotonic 0.9% NaCl, hypertonic saline--7% NaCl, and sterile water (hypotonic solution) indicated that inhalation with isotonic saline solution showed more advantageous effects than with the latter two.
Our study has three limitations: (1) it was a retrospective investigation, (2) our sample size was limited to only 16 patients, and (3) we lacked information about confounding factors in our patients such as laryngopharyngeal reflux disease and phonatory behavior.
Presently acoustic analysis of voice is one of the most attractive methods of assessing the phonatory functions providing the quantitative and qualitative data.
But the production of these oppositions requires some anatomical adaptations in the phonatory (vocal folds, larynx) and articulatory (tongue, lips, palate, etc.) systems.