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Although phrenic nerve palsy has been described as the most frequent complication, the vast majority of patients recover quickly.
3 Development of pulmonary complications after cardiopulmonary bypass is multi-factorial; alteration in the function of chest muscles and wall due to median sternotomy, systemic inflammatory response syndrome initiated by establishing cardiopulmonary bypass, phrenic nerve damage caused by administration of cold saline in the pericardial cavity during cardiac arrest and alveolar edema caused by left ventricular distension and elevated pressure in the pulmonary vasculature are considered the main contributing factors for this lethal complication.
Phrenic nerve injury following cryoballoon PVI is the highest reported complication.
Phrenic nerve pacing via intramuscular diaphragm electrodes in tetraplegic subjects.
There is one huge flaw in the above argument: the phrenic nerve originates in the cervical spine, well below the nasal passage.
Due to the high rate of phrenic nerve paralysis with interscalene blockade, the decision was made to attempt bilateral supraclavicular brachial plexus block placement using ultrasound guidance.
Among the topics are biophysical principles and properties of cryoablation, catheter cryoablation for atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia, preventing phrenic nerve palsy during cryobaloon ablation for atrial fibrillation, treating accessory pathways, and treating miscellaneous arrhythmias.
Tom had undergone a thymectomy approximately 10 years earlier, at which time his phrenic nerve was severed.
2000) Anterior magnetic phrenic nerve stimulation: laboratory and clinical evaluation.
It may be congenital or acquired owing to phrenic nerve dysfunction.
We present a case of a young female who developed a bronchopleural fistula (BPF) 2 months following a right-sided pneumonectomy and successful treatment using topical sealant and a phrenic nerve block to prevent early dislodgement.