physiognomy

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At one point he claims that Socrates, a potentially problematic case for the physiognomists, must have had a soul that was naturally beautiful and just; (42) at another he states that Socrates corrected his naturally unruly disposition (which was congruous with his ugly appearance) by the force of reason.
futile when confronted by the skilful eye of the physiognomist.
Once their affair comes to an end, the narrator falls in love with another young man, an American from Georgia named Paul who works as a physiognomist, "the person who recognizes the regulars and celebrities" at the door of a trendy club.
44) The physiognomist (qa'if) was an expert who had been consulted since pre-Islamic times to determine a child's paternity.
II:117) A physiognomist, or if one wishes, a modern wit, would amuse his circle by assigning to the Hottentot, in the chain of being, a place between man and the orang-utan.
His long chin, somewhat pointed, or at least prominent to a great degree, conveys to the physiognomist the idea of a crafty, designing man, who will make a bad use of his skill and address, instead of employing them for the benefit of mankind.
Thus Apuleius' account of the fictional Socrates as dissolute may not be so far outside the mainstream of the tradition as it was current in late antiquity; one might compare also the story reported by Nietzsche in which Socrates concurs with the judgment of a physiognomist passing through Athens, who remarked that Socrates was a monster, containing within him every kind of foul lust and vice.
Still, it would require the shrewdest physiognomist to infer from these features the astonishment of the poetry.
12) And the Swiss physiognomist Johann Caspar Lavater (1741-1801) recapitulated this at the close of the eighteenth century, noting that "the beauty and deformity of the countenance is in just and determinate proportion to the moral beauty and deformity of the man.
anonymous Latin handbook reporting the views of Loxus, physician and physiognomist of the early Hellenistic period,(9) and also from a Greek paraphrase(10) and an Arabic translation of the work of Polemo, rhetor of the city of Laodicea and contemporary of Hadrian.
Cicero tells the story in De Fato of the ancient physiognomist Zopyrus, who "misread" the ugly appearance of Socrates as indicating stupidity, lechery, gluttony, and other evils.