A reduction in the physiological stress response is likely due to the artificial culture environment that relaxes the natural selective pressures operating in the wild (e.
Physiological stress responses in wild and hatchery-reared rainbow trout.
The main objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that extended wet-holding under ambient conditions during the coldest water seasons (winter and spring) in Newfoundland affects overall condition and physiological stress response
in cultured mussels when compared to field controls.
For instance, some researchers have explored how workplace bullying affects the physiological stress response
in both victims and witnesses of bullying events (Hansen et al.
1999: Dynamics of food availability, body condition and physiological stress response
in breeding Black-legged Kittiwakes.
Early caregiving and physiological stress responses
In the second stage, individuals want to learn how to control their particular physiological stress responses
of which they have been made more aware whether it be muscle tension, increased heart rate, vasoconstriction (resulting in cold fingers and toes), rapid, shallow breathing, sweaty palms, or a combination of responses.
Furthermore, constructs closely related to SE, such as self-efficacy (Bandura, Cioffi, Taylor, & Brouillard, 1988; Bandura, Reese, & Adams, 1982; Wiedenfeld, O'Leary, Bandura, Brown, Levine, & Raska, 1990), hardiness (Maddi & Kobasa, 1984) and mastery (Karasek & Theorell, 1990) have also been associated with reduced physiological stress responses
These individuals may be less inclined to reflect on trauma-related emotions and more apt to suffer damaging physiological stress responses
, he theorizes.
According to Mitchell and Kettlewell (1998), high ambient temperature is a major factor in the elicitation of physiological stress responses
during transit in poultry.