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The party who sues in a civil action; a complainant; the prosecution—that is, a state or the United States representing the people—in a criminal case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with the clerk of the court against the defendant(s) demanding damages, performance and/or court determination of rights. (See: complaint, defendant, petitioner)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


the person bringing an action in court. In England and Wales now a claimant. For Scotland called a pursuer.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PLAINTIFF, practice. He who, in a personal action, seeks a remedy for an injury to his rights. Ham. on Parties, h.t.; 1 Chit. Pl. Index, h.t.; Chit. Pr. Index, h.t.; 1 Com. Dig. 36, 205, 308.
     2. Plaintiffs are legal or equitable. The legal plaintiff is he in whom the legal title or cause of action is vested. The equitable plaintiff is he who, not having the legal title, yet, is in equity entitled to the thing sued for; for example, when a suit is brought by Benjamin Franklin for the use of Robert Morris, Benjamin Franklin is the legal, and Robert Morris the equitable plaintiff. This is the usual manner of bringing suit, when the cause of action is not assignable at law, but is so in equity. Vide Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; Parties to Actions.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keil credited Honeywell for taking steps to place the case in the best posture through its pre-litigation handling of the plaintiff's reasonable accommodation request.
The court will hear the capitalization motion after everyone has been heard on whether to use an article before the word "plaintiff." Does plaintiff have anything to say?
More so, the plaintiffs are praying for an order unfreezing their corporate and personal accounts frozen upon the orders/directives of the EFCC.
The plaintiff found this position of the defendant as irregular, as the holder of the named account is the plaintiff and no other person could be the holder.
Because there was evidence that undercut plaintiff's credibility, we affirm the trial court's denial of plaintiff's post-trial motions.
"Even if this Court were to find that Plaintiff was bound by the 2009 Agreement, a plain
That is, I have not encountered any case outright forbidding an inquiry into other plaintiffs' standing upon finding one proper plaintiff.
Plaintiff cross-moves for an Order, pursuant to CPLR [section][section] 510 and 511, denying the City Defendant's motion and retaining venue in New York County.
Boarding Gate 7 was stated on the Plaintiff's boarding card; and
38th St., Springfield: Plaintiff alleges breach of contract.
In September 2015, plaintiff Viktor Berisaj began individual fitness training sessions at Lifetime Fitness with Pedersen.
Plaintiff objected and asserted his right against self-incrimination.