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Any substance dangerous to living organisms that if applied internally or externally, destroy the action of vital functions or prevent the Continuance of life.

Economic poisons are those substances that are used to control insects, weeds, fungi, bacteria, rodents, predatory animals, or other pests. Economic poisons are useful to society but are still dangerous.

The way a poison is controlled depends on its potential for harm, its usefulness, and the reasons for its use. The law has a right and a duty pursuant to the Police Power of a state to control substances that can do great harm.

In the past, an individual who was harmed by a poison that had been handled in a careless manner could institute a lawsuit for damages against the person who had mishandled the chemical. As time went on, state statutes prescribed the circumstances under which someone was legally liable for injuries caused by a poison. For example, a sale to anyone under sixteen years of age was unlawful, and a seller was required to ensure that the buyer understood that the chemical was poisonous. It was not unusual for all poisons, drugs, and narcotics to be covered by the same statutory scheme.

Specialized statutes currently regulate poisons. Pesticides must be registered with the federal government, and those denied registration cannot be used. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a number of regulations governing the use of approved pesticides. Federal law also prohibits unauthorized adulteration of any product with a poisonous substance and requires clear labeling for anything sold with a poisonous ingredient. It might not be sufficient to list all the chemicals in a container or even to put the word POISON on the label. The manufacturer should also warn of the injuries that are likely to occur and the conditions under which the poison will cause harm. Stricter standards are applied to household products than to poisonous products intended to be used in a factory, on a farm, or by a specially trained person. Poisonous food products are banned. Under other federal regulations, pesticide residues on foods are prohibited above certain low tolerance levels.

Certain provisions under federal law seek to protect children from poisoning. Special packaging is required for some household products so that a child will not mistake them for food or will not be able to open containers. Federal funds are available for local programs to reduce or eliminate the danger of poisoning from lead-based paint. Under the Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 1261 et seq.), toys containing poisonous substances can be banned or subjected to recall.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

POISON, crim. law. Those substances which, when applied to the organs of the body, are capable of altering or destroying, in a majority of cases, some or all of the functions necessary to life, are called poisons. 3 Fodere, Traite de Med. Leg. 449; Guy, Med. Jur. 520.
     2. When administered with a felonious intent of committing, murder, if. death ensues, it is murder the most detestable, because it can of all others, be least prevented by manhood or forethought. It is a deliberate act necessarily implying malice. 1 Russ. Cr. 429. For the signs which indicate poisoning, vide 2 Beck's Med. Jurisp. ch. 16, p. 236, et seq.; Cooper's Med. Jurisp. 47; Ryan's Med. Jurisp. ch. 15, p. 202, et seq.; Traill, Med. Jur. 109.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the group 140 (74.1%) of the poisoned patients recovered, 34 (18%) expired and 15 (7.9%) left against medical advice.
The group immediately burnt the hyena and the poisoned vultures to decontaminate the scene.
"We regard the killing of animals, using poisoned bait, as one of the most serious forms of environmental crime," said Maacuterio Kern, head of the department of detection of dangerous substances and environmental crime, as quoted on the Interior Ministry's website.The dog, which has been trained to find chemical substances used for the production of poisons, is the first specially trained dog in this area within the police, the ministry informed.
THREE dead foxes have been dumped in a Birmingham park - and the RSPCA believe they were poisoned.
Last January ChronicleLivereported how dog owners were warned to stay vigilant after reports of pets being poisoned by suspected rat poison around parks.
RAHIM YAR KHAN -- A man poisoned his wife to death over a domestic issue in Rahim Yar Khan on Wednesday.
Factors affecting hospital admission and length of stay of poisoned patients in the north east of England.
All the relevant and necessary details pertaining to drug/poisoning query including type of population (children, adult, elderly, and pregnant), poisoning agents, route of exposure, type of poisoning (intentional, accidental, and environmental), poisoned patient's demographic details (age, gender, and bodyweight), enquirer details (enquirer background, place of call, and mode of request), details of query (category of query and purpose of query), and details of poison information (information provided, mode of provision, time taken to provide information, and reference consulted) were collected and documented in the poison information register.
The first rule for the first aider is NOT to get poisoned himself.
The conference, under the name Poisoning of Animals is a Criminal Offence, How Do We Address It?, is being held in memory of five dogs that were recently poisoned and belonged to the same family.
Children between these groups are less commonly poisoned. [1,2]
In India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan, specifically, the household products entailed pyrethroids, thermometer mercury, rodenticides, phenyl, detergents, and corrosives--with kerosene being the most common agent that poisoned overall.