Poison

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Related to poisons: ricin, arsenic, Poisonous Plants

Poison

Any substance dangerous to living organisms that if applied internally or externally, destroy the action of vital functions or prevent the Continuance of life.

Economic poisons are those substances that are used to control insects, weeds, fungi, bacteria, rodents, predatory animals, or other pests. Economic poisons are useful to society but are still dangerous.

The way a poison is controlled depends on its potential for harm, its usefulness, and the reasons for its use. The law has a right and a duty pursuant to the Police Power of a state to control substances that can do great harm.

In the past, an individual who was harmed by a poison that had been handled in a careless manner could institute a lawsuit for damages against the person who had mishandled the chemical. As time went on, state statutes prescribed the circumstances under which someone was legally liable for injuries caused by a poison. For example, a sale to anyone under sixteen years of age was unlawful, and a seller was required to ensure that the buyer understood that the chemical was poisonous. It was not unusual for all poisons, drugs, and narcotics to be covered by the same statutory scheme.

Specialized statutes currently regulate poisons. Pesticides must be registered with the federal government, and those denied registration cannot be used. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a number of regulations governing the use of approved pesticides. Federal law also prohibits unauthorized adulteration of any product with a poisonous substance and requires clear labeling for anything sold with a poisonous ingredient. It might not be sufficient to list all the chemicals in a container or even to put the word POISON on the label. The manufacturer should also warn of the injuries that are likely to occur and the conditions under which the poison will cause harm. Stricter standards are applied to household products than to poisonous products intended to be used in a factory, on a farm, or by a specially trained person. Poisonous food products are banned. Under other federal regulations, pesticide residues on foods are prohibited above certain low tolerance levels.

Certain provisions under federal law seek to protect children from poisoning. Special packaging is required for some household products so that a child will not mistake them for food or will not be able to open containers. Federal funds are available for local programs to reduce or eliminate the danger of poisoning from lead-based paint. Under the Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C.A. § 1261 et seq.), toys containing poisonous substances can be banned or subjected to recall.

See: contaminate, degenerate, infect, pervert, pollute, taint, virulent, vitiate

POISON, crim. law. Those substances which, when applied to the organs of the body, are capable of altering or destroying, in a majority of cases, some or all of the functions necessary to life, are called poisons. 3 Fodere, Traite de Med. Leg. 449; Guy, Med. Jur. 520.
     2. When administered with a felonious intent of committing, murder, if. death ensues, it is murder the most detestable, because it can of all others, be least prevented by manhood or forethought. It is a deliberate act necessarily implying malice. 1 Russ. Cr. 429. For the signs which indicate poisoning, vide 2 Beck's Med. Jurisp. ch. 16, p. 236, et seq.; Cooper's Med. Jurisp. 47; Ryan's Med. Jurisp. ch. 15, p. 202, et seq.; Traill, Med. Jur. 109.

References in periodicals archive ?
As these poisons move up the food chain, other wildlife and sometimes domestic pets, are unintentionally poisoned,'' she said.
Since then, the scientists have found that ants and other arthropods in the frogs' habitat carry most of the poisons that show up in frogs' skin.
The Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center provides poison and medication-related emergency treatment advice, referral assistance and comprehensive information on poisons and toxins, poison prevention and the safe and proper use of medications.
Poisons are subtle and silent weapons which can be easily used without violence and often without arising suspicion.
Children also differ in their ability to metabolize toxins, and may be more susceptible to the effects of poisons in the environment.
Charles Taylor, a spokesman for the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, said he would present findings today at a news conference showing that at least two mountain lions in the area died of complications from anticoagulant chemicals - commonly found in rat poisons.
Now, in the second analysis of bird toxins, ifritas turn out to employ the same suite of poisons, say Dumbacher and John W.
The Washington Poison Center is a non-profit service organization providing 24-hour emergency medical assistance, information and education about toxic substances or suspected poisons.
CASE STUDY: A Study of clinical profile of 100 consecutive patients of poisoning cases in an year were conducted in our hospital, Visakhapatnam to know common poisons, AGE, SEX, COMMON POISONS CONSUMED, CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS, Immediate response to TREATMENT, MOTIVE BEHIND POISONING and prognostic factors after consumption of poison.
Growers currently fight this scourge by lacing the soil with as much as 30 million pounds of poisons a year.
If flaking or peeling leaded paint poisons a tenant, the landlord can be held responsible for any physical harm which is done to the renter.
The New Jersey Poison Information and Education System is a non-profit organization that coordinates the treatment and distribution of information concerning poisons, drugs and targeted health issues through telephone management, consultation, education and research.