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There are few studies that have investigated differences in proprioceptive ability (joint position sense or kinesthesia) between the non-dominant and dominant legs of healthy sedentary individuals (45,46).
The results of this investigation indicate that dominance does not interfere with the evaluation of reaction times of peroneus longus or tibialis anterior muscles, ankle joint position sense, or ankle kinesthesia in healthy sedentary individuals.
A 2x2 mixed factorial repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used on the two variables: position sense and motion sense with the factor "group" as between-subject factor (two levels: dancers and controls) and "condition" as within-subject factor (two levels: non-fatigued state and fatigued state).
In dancers, the percentage drop in extension and flexion muscle strength for position sense testing was -15.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to present data on the position sense of healthy ankle after cryotherapy to clarify the effectiveness and safety of this therapy before resuming sports activities.
Uchio et al indicated that applying cooling pad to the knee for 15 minutes under the circulating medium at 4[degrees]C increases inaccuracy of position sense by 1.
Our healthy participants had a basically accurate visual image of their own body, but the brain's model of the hand underlying position sense was highly distorted.
Her examination disclosed mild anterior tibialis weakness, vibration and position sense loss at the toes, and an unsteady gait.
She exhibited mild distal weakness in all extremities, absent ankle jerks, impaired vibration and position sense at the toes, a positive Romberg test, and an unsteady gait, especially when turning.
Our experiment cannot answer this directly because it does not relate a clinical condition, such as falls, with foot position sense, but it suggests a relation.
Decline in foot position sense in the elderly subject when shod or barefoot and in the young wearing shoes can be explained by decline in plantar tactile sense, and attenuation of tactile information caused by footwear, respectively.

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