The safety and efficacy of +-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-assisted psychotherapy in subjects with chronic, treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder
: the first randomized controlled pilot study.
Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder
among employees of New York City companies affected by the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center.
Randomized trial of prolonged exposure for posttraumatic stress disorder
with and without cognitive restructuring: Outcome at academic and community clinics.
Another scale is the Clinician-Administered Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Posttraumatic stress disorder
was assessed using the self-report measure, Impact of Event Scale.
During 8 years of follow-up, the subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder
had significantly higher rates of incident cerebrovascular disease, acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease than did those without a current diagnosis of PTSD.
The subjects were assessed using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Checklist for Civilians, (PCL-C), which rates the severity of PTSD on a scale from 17 to 85.
Less than half of veterans of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom with posttraumatic stress disorder
and/or major depression get any care, and only 30% of those who receive care are treated with evidence-based approaches, according to a recent report from the National Council for Behavioral Health.
These two dimensions of deployment have different relationships to mental health problems, with aftermath events being especially strong predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder
, depression, and suicidal ideation.
These feelings of guilt may ultimately manifest themselves as posttraumatic stress disorder
Their analysis, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Following Myocardial Infarction or Cardiac Surgery, was published in Heart and Mind: The Practice of Cardiac Psychology, a guide focused on the link between human behavior and cardiac health.