" is essentially treason: the "criminal offense of obeying an authority other than the king." BLACK'S LAW DICTIONARY 1212 (8th ed.
When Parliament and the Church's Convocation met, all the clergy of the provinces of York and Canterbury were indicted for praemunire
simply for exercising their jurisdiction on spiritual matters.
He discusses, for example, the importance of praemunire
and the incorporation into English law of necessity and reason of state.
En el siglo XIV, en el momento en que la conciencia nacional inglesa se afirmo en las luchas de la Guerra de los Cien Anos, el peso de la fiscalia pontifica de Avignon, mas pesada aun en Inglaterra que en los otros paises, suscito energicas reacciones de parte de los soberanos britanicos, mediante el Estatuto de las Provisiones, de 1531, y el Estatuto Praemunire
, de 1553.
at *101 (emphasis in original), deserting the army in times of war, id., and praemunire
(allegiance to the pope), id.
1 set out a praemunire
, or summons, and harsh sanctions for anyone who, inter alia, were to "sue in any other court, to defeat or impeach the judgements given in the King's court." Moreover, the statute of 4 Hen.
D'Ewes curtly responded that we should "best fulfill it thus according to worde of god, that ministers tend ther cure onlie." Moreover, he insisted that "in this Kingdome wee had alwaies the restraint of the Clergies intermeddling w[i]th lay causes & crimes by Prohibition & Praemunire
Where Strafford was charged with appropriating royal power to rule despotically, Laud was condemned for attempting to create an ecclesiastical state within a state, in some ways acting in the old tradition of medieval prelates who had generally been let off with the lesser offence of praemunire
(Cardinal Wolsey eleven decades earlier being a famous Tudor example).
Partly under enforcement of Praemunire
legislation, common-law courts took over accusations of offenses punishable at common law, and general slurs came to constitute the only kind of defamation regularly sued in the church courts.