Praetor


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PRAETOR, Roman civil law. A municipal officer of Rome, so called because, (praeiret populo,) he went before or took precedence of the people. The consuls were at first called praetors. Liv. Hist. III. 55. He was a sort of minister of justice, invested with certain legislative powers, especially in regard to the forms or formalities of legal proceedings. Ordinarily, be aid not decide causes as a judge, but prepared the grounds of decision for the judge and sent to, him the questions to be decided between the parties. The judge was always chosen by the parties, either directly, or by rejecting, under certain rules and limitations, the persons proposes to them by the praetor. Hence the saying of Cicero, (pro Cluentis, 43,) that no one could be judged except by a judge of his own choice. There were several kinds of officers called proctors. See Vicat, Vocab.
     2. Before entering on his functions he published an edict announcing the system adopted by him for the application and interpretation of the laws during his magistracy. His authority extended over all jurisdictions, and was summarily expressed by the word do, dico, addico, i, e. do I give the action, dico I declare the law, I promulgate the edict, addico I invest the judge with the right of judging. There were certain cases which he was bound to decide himself, assisted by a council chosen by himself perhaps the Decemvirs. But the greater part of causes brought before him, be sent either to a judge, an arbitrator, or to recuperators, (recuperatores,) or to the centumvirs, as before stated. Under the empire the powers of the praetor passed by degrees to the praefect of the praetorium, or the praefect of the city; so that this magistrate, who at first ranked with the consuls, at last dwindled into a director or manager of the public spectacles or games.
     3. Till lately, there were officers in certain cities of Germany denominated praetors Vide 1 Kent, Com. 528.

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Its portfolio consists of the entry-level Phenom 100EV and the light Phenom 300E jet, the medium cabin Legacy 450 and Legacy 500, the midsize Praetor 500 and super-midsize Praetor 600, the large Legacy 650E, and the ultra-large Lineage 1000E.
(Ulpianus libro 71 ad edictum): Deinde ait praetor: "Quod in cloaca publica factum sive ea immissum habes, quo usus eius deterior sit fiat, restituas.
In fact a better solution might be to declare a non-liquet and rely on equity praetor legem as fairness to preserve the statehood of Atlantis.
44,4,1,1 PAULUS libro LXXI ad Edictum: Ideo autem hanc exceptionem Praetor proposuit, ne cui dolus suus per occasionem iuris civilis contra naturalem aequitatem prosit (Mas el Pretor propuso esta excepcion, para que a nadie la aproveche contra la natural equidad su propio dolo con ocasion del derecho civil), en el cual se indica la ratio que inspiro la creacion de tal excepcion residente en la exigencia de evitar que alguien mediante el ejercicio doloso de un derecho propio que le haya sido reconocido por el derecho ciivl pueda conseguir una ventaja contrariando la equidad natural.
Chased by Praetor Claudius Glaber (Craig Parker), Vengeance is a heady mix of gore, sex and dirty tricks.
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Emperor Romulus Augustus Obamatus summoned Praetor Lockatus.
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Thus having lesser imperium than that of a consul (that of a praetor or a private citizen), achieving victory in a province other than the one assigned by the senate, or having no unambiguous victory (no major battle or a battle in which your army suffered numerous casualties) might be seen as potential disqualifying circumstances.
before ascending to the rank of Rome's chief legal officer (praetor