prejudice


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Related to prejudice: Without prejudice

Prejudice

A forejudgment; bias; partiality; preconceived opinion. A leaning toward one side of a cause for some reason other than a conviction of its justice.

A juror can be disqualified from a case for being prejudiced, if his or her views on a subject or attitude toward a party will unduly influence the final decision.

When a lawsuit is dismissed Without Prejudice, it signifies that none of the rights or privileges of the individual involved are considered to be lost or waived. The same holds true when an admission is made or when a motion is denied with the designation without prejudice.

A dismissal without prejudice permits a new lawsuit to be brought on the same grounds because no decision has been reached about the controversy on its merits. The whole subject in litigation is as much open to a subsequent suit as if no suit had ever been brought. The purpose and effect of the words without prejudice in a judgment, order, or decree dismissing a suit are to prohibit the defendant from using the defense of Res Judicata in any later action by the same plaintiff on the subject matter. A dismissal with prejudice, however, is a bar to relitigation of the subject matter.

A decision resulting in prejudicial error substantially affects an appellant's legal rights and is often the ground for a reversal of the judgment and for the granting of a new trial.

prejudice

(Injury), noun damage, detriment, disadvantage, harm, hurt, impairment, injustice, irreversible damage, loss, unfairness, wrong
Associated concepts: absence of prejudice, dismissal with prejudice, dismissal without prejudice, prejudice to a party's rights, prejudicial error

prejudice

(Preconception), noun bent, bias, favoritism, forejudgment, inclination, intolerance, leaning, narrow-mindedness, one-sidedness, opinio praeiudicata, partiality, partisanship, personal bias, preconneived idea, preconceived notion, preconception, predilection, predisposition, preference, prepossession, provincialism, slant, subjectivity, unreasonable bias
Associated concepts: disqualification for bias

prejudice

(Influence), verb affect, bear upon, bend to one's will, bias, bring pressure to bear, carry weight, color, convince, distort, exercise influence over, exercise influunce upon, exert influence, gain over, give an inclination, have influence over, have influence upon, influence against, jaundice, persuade, predetermine, predispose, prejudge, prepossess unfavorably, present with bias, prevail over, slant, sway, turn, twist, warp, win over
Associated concepts: prejudice the trier of fact

prejudice

(Injure), verb affect detrimentally, cause damage to, cause detriment, cause pain, damage, demolish, destroy, devastate, disadvantage, disservice, exacerbate, harm, hurt, impair, inflict injury, maim, mar, play havoc with, ravage, ruin, spoil, taint, weaken, wound, wreck, wrong
Associated concepts: prejudicial error
See also: bias, choice, damage, detriment, disadvantage, discrimination, drawback, exclusion, favor, favoritism, foregone conclusion, hatred, inclination, inequality, inequity, influence, injury, injustice, intolerance, ostracism, partiality, penchant, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference, proclivity, segregation, slant, tendency

PREJUDICE. To decide beforehand; to lean in favor of one side of a cause for some reason or other than its justice.
     2. A judge ought to be without prejudice, and he cannot therefore sit in a case where he has any interest, or when a near relation is a part, or where he has been of counsel for one of the parties. Vide Judge.
     3. In the civil law prejudice signifies a tort or injury; as the act of one man should never prejudice another. Dig. 60, 17, 74.

References in classic literature ?
His views of human nature were the views of Diogenes, tempered by Rochefoucauld; his personal habits were slovenly in the last degree; and his favorite boast was that he had outlived all human prejudices.
And this, you said, was not entirely owing to the more general prejudice in favour of that which is foreign, but that it rested partly upon improbabilities, arising out of the circumstances in which the English reader is placed.
We chose to begin our mission with the lady of the village, and hoped that her prejudice and obstinacy, however great, would in time yield to the advice and example of her husband, and that her conversion would have a great influence on the whole village, but having lost several days without being able to prevail upon her to hear us on any one point, we left the place, and went to another mountain, higher and better peopled.
These are still retained, to the prejudice of our interests, not less than of our rights.
One of the grand causes of this prejudice was the friendship of Anne of Austria for Mme.
With a strong prejudice against everything he might say, she began his account of what had happened at Netherfield.
She is exactly the woman to do away every prejudice of such a man as the Admiral, for she he would describe, if indeed he has now delicacy of language enough to embody his own ideas.
And with regard to Anne's dislike of Bath, she considered it as a prejudice and mistake arising, first, from the circumstance of her having been three years at school there, after her mother's death; and secondly, from her happening to be not in perfectly good spirits the only winter which she had afterwards spent there with herself.
When factions are carried too high and too violently, it is a sign of weakness in princes; and much to the prejudice, both of their authority and business.
A Chancery judge once had the kindness to inform me, as one of a company of some hundred and fifty men and women not labouring under any suspicions of lunacy, that the Court of Chancery, though the shining subject of much popular prejudice (at which point I thought the judge's eye had a cast in my direction), was almost immaculate.
Sin was a prejudice from which the free man should rid himself.
Still, what strengthened both tendencies was that metaphysical prejudice for the "Absolute," the false intellectual conscience.