(2) a series of motor and premotor areas
would sustain the observed recovery.
Boussaoud, "Parietal inputs to dorsal versus ventral premotor areas
in the macaque monkey: Evidence for largely segregated visuomotor pathways," Experimental Brain Research, vol.
In a manner similar to that for the upper limb , the cortical processing for lower-limb motor planning in nondisabled subjects adapts to increased sensory inputs by increasing recruitment of parietal, motor, and premotor areas
In general, research investigating the cortical areas activated during spatial working memory tasks have found that activation tends to be greater in the right hemisphere and the major areas of activation to include the prefrontal cortex, premotor area
, posterior parietal area and the occipital lobe.
During listening comprehension, the superior to middle temporal gyrus; the prefrontal areas, including the left inferior to superior frontal gyrus; and the premotor area
are activated .
A previous study reported reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) values in the frontal lobe, premotor area
, and cingulate in PD patients .
is located above Brodmann area 4 (at the base of precentral gyrus), which presents role in the preparation (arbitrary coupling of cues in motor acts) (J.
In volunteers who were awake, magnetic prodding of the premotor area
elicited a rise in electrical activity within a fraction of a second, as measured by sensors in a cap worn by each volunteer.
The supplementary motor area (SMA), premotor area
, and parietal cortex have been reported to be involved in the generation of the CNV [11, 12].
However, Papp and Lantos described high densities of glial cytoplasmic inclusions in the supplementary and primary motor cortical areas and subjacent white matter and moderate densities of glial cytoplasmic inclusions in the premotor area
, cingulate motor area, and corpus callosum in MSA .
In total, 24 ROIs were defined on the cortical source model, consisting of the following areas bilaterally: presupplementary motor area (pSMA), supplementary motor area (SMA), dorsal premotor area
(PMd), ventral premotor area
(PMv), cingulate motor area (CMA), primary foot motor area (M1F), primary hand motor area (M1H), primary lip motor area (M1L), primary foot somatosensory area (S1F), primary hand somatosensory area (S1H), secondary somatosensory area (S2), and somatosensory association area (SAC) (Figure 2).