preterition


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See: disregard, omission

preterition

in Roman law the failure of a testator to name one of his children in his will, thus invalidating it. See also CONDITIO SI TESTATOR SINE LIBERIS DECESSERIT.

PRETERITION, civil law. The omission by a testator of some one of his heirs who is entitled to a legitime, (q.v.) in the succession.
     2. Among the Romans, the preterition of children when made by the mother were presumed to have been made with design; the preterition of sons by any other testator was considered as a wrong and avoided the will, except the will of a soldier in service, which was not subject to so much form.

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In this case, the act of "preterition" (Suleiman) appears to be centered on the inexplicable and unaccepted separation from parents whose death occurs out of sight, but whose haunting presence gathers the ambiguous role of both suggesting lingering protection for the child (hence the reappearances of the mother in the framework of the childhood home) and deferred mourning suggested by Vegh and Bettelheim.
(15.) La Fontaine's extensive use of preterition in Psyche has been interpreted in a variety of ways: whereas Michel Jeanneret claims that this technique renders Poliphile's discourse more integrated and uniform (242-43), Joan DeJean interprets it as narrative sadism (103-04).
puis la nuit!" Le mal (not just evil but also "what hurts") is history; and preterition, then, is the emblematic trope of human knowledge as it is of modern beauty, because it structures history as we experience it and describes knowledge as alienated.
Ainsi, dans l'evenement festif meme est signifiee la fin d'un tabou par preterition. Il s'agit bien de rappeler les souvenirs dechirants du Champ-de-Mars pour mieux affirmer que la ceremonie en eloigne la presence, qu'elle les inscrit dans un passe que l'on commemore au moment meme oo l'on celebre la liberte presente.
Levi-Strauss's attribution of a definition of social anthropology par preterition seems to me not ironical (p.
In an often cited essay, Vladimir Jankelevitch defines decadent temporality as governed by its oppressive preterition. As if referring to Mirbeau's lifeless landscape, he describes a wasteland empty of buoyancy and hope: "on dirait que le poids du passe, par une sorte de geotropisme senile, prefigure deja pour la vieillesse la descente au tombeau [...] le vivant mineralise ne connail plus que les lois physiques de la pesanteur" (53).
Thus Slothrop, consigned to the ambivalence of preterition:
Quelle nouvelle pointe d'ironie cache cette preterition ?
The name for such a rhetorical figure is "preterition," literally the act of"passing over" or omitting, and classically it is used to emphasize or draw attention to something by claiming not to speak about it.
Although such biographical explanations (as with the references to Freud) are often conveyed via the logic of preterition, the writing enjoys the virtue of user-friendly clarity and immediacy.
Et la preterition fait office de realisation du voyage.
Une preterition evoque l'inceste: "Je ne vous parlerai point des mariages des premiers-nes des hommes, de ces unions ineffables, alors que la socur etait l'epouse du frere, que l'amour et l'amitie fraternelle se confondaient dans le meme coeur, et que la purete de l'une augmentait les delices de l'autre" (109-10).