prior


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prior(s)

n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous record of criminal charges, convictions, or other judicial disposal of criminal cases (such as probation, dismissal or acquittal). Only previous felony convictions can be introduced into evidence. However, the record of "priors" can have an impact on sentencing, as with prior drunk driving convictions requiring mandatory jail sentences, and "three strikes, you're out," providing for extended sentences for the third felony conviction.

References in periodicals archive ?
(36) Military Rule of Evidence 613(b) also allows the impeaching party to offer the extrinsic evidence after the witness has left the stand so that sponsoring counsel must recall the witness at a later time in order to give the witness the opportunity to talk about and explain the prior statement.
This study provides a Bayesian analysis of the time-to-failure model using informative (Gamma) and uninformative (Jeffreys) priors. A method is also given to elicit the hyperparameters of the prior density for the parameters of the said model.
Certain aspects of American evidence law--and considerable American evidence scholarship--are founded on a widely-shared set of beliefs concerning the admission of prior crimes of the defendant.
Eurozone: Retail sales (July): -0.6% m/m as expected (prior: 1.2% revised from 1.1%)
As an example, one prior authorization was required for every 15 patient visits (6.7%) over a 30-day period in September 2016; in comparison, one prior authorization was required for every 9 patient visits (11.1%) in a comparable 30-day period in September 2018.
Bayesian estimation approach makes use of prior knowledge about the parameter(s) as well as the available data.
Russell added another thing they share is their attitude because Prior, like Gilchrist used to, knows he can take the game away from a side and it really doesn't matter who's bowling, adding in Auckland, you could see the New Zealand bowlers just change a little bit when he came in.
The findings contrast with those from several prior studies, which suggested a link between LEEP and preterm birth, particularly preterm birth secondary to PPROM, he said.
North was one of six victims for Prior in the third Test and if James Anderson and Graham Onions can take advantage of Headingley's fabled swing-friendly conditions, it could be another busy match for the Sussex stumper.
Building new homes on the Alderman Harris School site and Sir Henry Parkes School site, on land next to Prior Deram shops and the end of Gerrard Avenue, on Prior Deram Park, Thimbler Road, Howcotte Green and Moat House Lane.