prior


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Related to prior: Prior probability

prior(s)

n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous record of criminal charges, convictions, or other judicial disposal of criminal cases (such as probation, dismissal or acquittal). Only previous felony convictions can be introduced into evidence. However, the record of "priors" can have an impact on sentencing, as with prior drunk driving convictions requiring mandatory jail sentences, and "three strikes, you're out," providing for extended sentences for the third felony conviction.

prior

adjective antecedent, anterior, earlier, first, foregoing, former, inaugural, introductory, late, lead, old, past, precedent, preceding, precursory, prefatory, preliminary, preludial, prelusive, prevenient, previous, proemial, quondam, superior
Associated concepts: prior approval, prior conviction, prior lien, prior restraint
See also: aforesaid, antecedent, back, before mentioned, former, last, preceding, precursory, preexisting, preferred, preliminary, preparatory, previous, said
References in classic literature ?
I asked you, my children,'' said the Prior, raising his voice, and using the lingua Franca, or mixed language, in which the Norman and Saxon races conversed with each other, ``if there be in this neighbourhood any good man, who, for the love of God, and devotion to Mother Church, will give two of her humblest servants, with their train, a night's hospitality and refreshment?
Any sort of claimant, with any sort of wild tale of prior invention, could find a speculator to support him.
The donjon of Vincennes was considered very unhealthy and Madame de Rambouillet had said that the room in which the Marechal Ornano and the Grand Prior de Vendome had died was worth its weight in arsenic -- a bon mot which had great success.
Prior would throw a light on this terrible business.
And while the abilities of the nine-hundredth abridger of the History of England, or of the man who collects and publishes in a volume some dozen lines of Milton, Pope, and Prior, with a paper from the Spectator, and a chapter from Sterne, are eulogized by a thousand pens -- there seems almost a general wish of decrying the capacity and undervaluing the labour of the novelist, and of slighting the performances which have only genius, wit, and taste to recommend them.
Besides, the notion of a city naturally precedes that of a family or an individual, for the whole must necessarily be prior to the parts, for if you take away the whole man, you cannot say a foot or a hand remains, unless by equivocation, as supposing a hand of stone to be made, but that would only be a dead one; but everything is understood to be this or that by its energic qualities and powers, so that when these no longer remain, neither can that be said to be the same, but something of the same name.
Beside the Bishop rode the Prior of Emmet upon a mincing palfrey.
In the next room sat the count and countess respectfully conversing with the prior, who was calling on them as old acquaintances and benefactors of the monastery.
Prior to that experience, my back had been good for every violent strain put upon it in a none too gentle career.
Knowledge is prior to any particular knowledge, and exists not in the previous state of the individual, but of the race.
He was not therefore greatly pleased with this cold answer of his nephew; nor could he help launching forth into the praises of Sophia, and expressing some wonder that the heart of a young man could be impregnable to the force of such charms, unless it was guarded by some prior affection.
It remains to state, that prior to this publication of M.