prior

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Related to priorate: priority

prior(s)

n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous record of criminal charges, convictions, or other judicial disposal of criminal cases (such as probation, dismissal or acquittal). Only previous felony convictions can be introduced into evidence. However, the record of "priors" can have an impact on sentencing, as with prior drunk driving convictions requiring mandatory jail sentences, and "three strikes, you're out," providing for extended sentences for the third felony conviction.

prior

adjective antecedent, anterior, earlier, first, foregoing, former, inaugural, introductory, late, lead, old, past, precedent, preceding, precursory, prefatory, preliminary, preludial, prelusive, prevenient, previous, proemial, quondam, superior
Associated concepts: prior approval, prior conviction, prior lien, prior restraint
See also: aforesaid, antecedent, back, before mentioned, former, last, preceding, precursory, preexisting, preferred, preliminary, preparatory, previous, said
References in periodicals archive ?
For further details see Mary Norah Carlin, "Christ Church, Canterbury and its lands from the beginning of the priorate of Thomas Chillenden to the Dissolution (1391-1540)," Unpublished D.Phil thesis.
As the priorate of Giano della Bella came to an end in 1293, the ruling families split over how best to serve the interests of their class: the Cerchi, a powerful mercantile family, took a more accommodating view of the popolani, while the Donati wanted to reassert the traditional rights of the nobility (Schevill 164-165).
Through much of 1298 the priorate had worked energetically on a diplomatic mission that established Florence as a power-broker not merely in Tuscany, but on the larger Italian scene -- the negotiation of peace between the Estense of Ferrara and Bologna (traditionally a Florentine ally).