private international law

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Related to private international law: Conflict of laws

Private International Law

A branch of Jurisprudence arising from the diverse laws of various nations that applies when private citizens of different countries interact or transact business with one another.

Private international law refers to that part of the law that is administered between private citizens of different countries or is concerned with the definition, regulation, and enforcement of rights in situations where both the person in whom the right inheres and the person upon whom the obligation rests are private citizens of different nations. It is a set of rules and regulations that are established or agreed upon by citizens of different nations who privately enter into a transaction and that will govern in the event of a dispute. In this respect, private International Law differs from public international law, which is the set of rules entered into by the governments of various countries that determine the rights and regulate the intercourse of independent nations.

private international law

the rules of a legal system governing which rules are to be applied in cases with an international dimension, as where one party is French and one German and the subject of the transaction is in Africa. It also considers enforcement of judgments obtained. It does consider matters of public law, which are treated under public international law. See FORUM NON CONVENIENS, LEXI LOCI DELICTI, LEX LOCI SITUS, LIS ALIBI PENDENS.
References in periodicals archive ?
individuals are ordinarily the addressees of private international law.
31) Finding no applicable general principles, the court invoked the second half of Article 7(2) and determined application of private international law the most appropriate manner of adjudication.
Normative order on the global level refers to the state of realization of universal human rights law, environmental law, public international law, humanitarian law, private international law, trade law, trans-national law, regional law, inter-communal law etc, which form legal orders and a large space of normative facts in worldwide.
THE HAGUE Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a multilateral treaty developed by The Hague Conference on Private International Law that provides an expeditious method to return a child taken from one member nation to another.
12) More specifically, there are two components: public and private international law.
11) Parts of the discussion in this section draw upon SVANTESSON, D, PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE INTERNet, (Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2007).
Our workload and our reputation is growing in several specialist areas, such as contentious probate and long term and elderly care which complement our traditional strength in capital tax planning and private international law.
The Hague Conference on Private International Law, "a global inter-governmental organization which develops conventions (similar to treaties) promoting mutual agreement and compatible legal procedures among countries," developed the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption.
It has been said that "perhaps the most widely accepted private international law rule of our time is that the parties to a contract are free to stipulate what law shall govern their transaction.
The author criticizes the principle of proximity that in Canadian private international law uses the test of real and substantial connection to determine the jurisdiction of Canadian and foreign courts, forum non conveniens, the law applicable to certain legal relationships, and the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.

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