Probability

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Related to probabilities: Conditional probabilities

PROBABILITY. That which is likely to happen; that which is most consonant to reason; for example, there is a strong probability that a man of a good moral character, and who has heretofore been remarkable for truth, will, when examined as a witness under oath, tell the truth; and, on the contrary, that a man who has been guilty of perjury, will not, under the same circumstances, tell the truth; the former will, therefore, be entitled to credit, while the latter will not.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is advisable that local cardiology departments audit their stable chest pain guidelines to ensure that the interpretation of pre-test probabilities is in keeping with the local population.
Consider 5 people with independent probabilities of dying/survival.
Once the probabilities have been calculated using the appropriate 29-day window for each day of the year, they are smoothed with a 29-day running mean in order to reduce random day-to-day variability (appendix A).
Results indicated that AUC values for delay discounting varied across the three probabilities, F(2, 380)=118.03, p<.001, partial eta squared=0.383.
To determine if a cumulative probability value will be risky for a data center, the threshold probabilities are given in the paper by Moradian et al., as shown in Table 4.
For both medium and heavy rain, hotspots are shifted south and the weighted probabilities are lower compared to the ones of the light rain events.
Since the quantile function is the reverse of the cumulative distribution function, the quality of its definition must be judged by how close the probabilities defined by it are to the true probabilities of the cumulative distribution function.
Given that the future is deeply uncertain, from the tiniest of decisions to the largest, we should love carefully calculated probabilities, for they are the way we deal with a world that has no interest in conforming to our projections or desires.
Least square parameter optimization has been applied to urban 3GPP LOS probability model (1) and to the combined dual environment LOS model represented by (8) substituting urban (1) and (2) 3GPP models for dual environment LOS probabilities [p.sup.(1).sub.LOS] and [p.sup.(2).sub.LOS], respectively.
A test of numeric formats for communicating risk probabilities. Medical Decision Making, 28, 377-384.

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