Proctor

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Proctor

A person appointed to manage the affairs of another or to represent another in a judgment.In English Law, the name formerly given to practitioners in ecclesiastical and admiralty courts who performed duties similar to those of solicitors in ordinary courts.

In old English law, a proctor was an attorney who practiced in the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts. Proctors, also known as procurators, served a similar function as solicitors in the ordinary courts of England. The title of proctor was merged with that of solicitor in 1873, but it is sometimes used in the United States to designate practitioners in probate and admiralty courts.

The use of proctors and procurators was an important step in English law because it signified the acceptance of Legal Representation. Procuration allowed one person to give power to another to act in his behalf. The proctor became the agent of the client, legally entitled to perform all actions that the client could have performed.

A "procuracy" was the writing or instrument that authorized a proctor or procurator to act. The document called a "power of attorney," which authorizes an attorney or agent to represent a person's interests, is based on this relationship. A Power of Attorney may be general, giving the agent blanket authority to perform all necessary acts for the person, or specific, limiting the agent to certain actions.

The term procuracy was shortened to proxy, which has gained a more specific meaning. A proxy is a person who is substituted or designated by another to represent her, usually in a meeting or before a public body. Shareholders in a corporation commonly use a written proxy to give someone else the right to vote their shares at a shareholders' meeting.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

proctor

n. 1) in admiralty (maritime) law, an attorney. 2) person who keeps order.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

PROCTOR. One appointed to represent in judgment the party who empowers him, by writing under his hand called a proxy. The term is used chiefly in the courts of civil and ecclesiastical law. The proctor is somewhat similar to the attorney. Avl. Parerg. 421.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
He congratulated the office bearers of newly established proctorial board and stressed that it should not be limited to install badges only on their pockets but it has put heavy responsibilities on their shoulders, therefore, they should try their level best to fulfill the responsibility in good possible manner.
While, on the basis of this report, University officials first decided to give clean chit to the Dalit students in August, the same report was later used by the Proctorial Board to punish them in December.
But before that the UOH Proctorial Board on August 12 had come out with a report concluding that there was no evidence that ASA students had harmed ABVP leader Sushil Kumar.
It is registered with the proctorial board which forwards the complaint to us after preliminary inquiry," inspector Ramesh Yadav of Lanka police station told Mail Today.
While university authorities insisted that the decision to expel the five students from the hostel and impose restrictions on them was taken on the basis of recommendations of a sub-committee of Executive Council and Proctorial Board, agitating students alleged that the Vice Chancellor had victimised the five students including Vemula at the behest of Bandaru Dattatreya, BJP MLC Ramchandra Reddy, and the leaders of ABVP and BJYM.
They found a large number of college staff -- from members of the proctorial board to peons -- standing at the gate to deny them entry to the classes.
Thompson said, most of the cases of cheating at Oxford came from international students taking master's courses at the university's business school.The school has worked very hard, with some proctorial prodding, to ensure that students are fully informed of what is expected of them, but we have still had to deal with too many pieces of submitted work which are seriously plagiarised or show only the barest grasp of good practice in the citation of source material," he said.
All the students' organisations of JNU have unanimously decided to boycott the proctorial inquiry which was set up on November 30 to initiate punitive against the students involved in the clash.