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A person appointed to manage the affairs of another or to represent another in a judgment.In English Law, the name formerly given to practitioners in ecclesiastical and admiralty courts who performed duties similar to those of solicitors in ordinary courts.

In old English law, a proctor was an attorney who practiced in the ecclesiastical and admiralty courts. Proctors, also known as procurators, served a similar function as solicitors in the ordinary courts of England. The title of proctor was merged with that of solicitor in 1873, but it is sometimes used in the United States to designate practitioners in probate and admiralty courts.

The use of proctors and procurators was an important step in English law because it signified the acceptance of Legal Representation. Procuration allowed one person to give power to another to act in his behalf. The proctor became the agent of the client, legally entitled to perform all actions that the client could have performed.

A "procuracy" was the writing or instrument that authorized a proctor or procurator to act. The document called a "power of attorney," which authorizes an attorney or agent to represent a person's interests, is based on this relationship. A Power of Attorney may be general, giving the agent blanket authority to perform all necessary acts for the person, or specific, limiting the agent to certain actions.

The term procuracy was shortened to proxy, which has gained a more specific meaning. A proxy is a person who is substituted or designated by another to represent her, usually in a meeting or before a public body. Shareholders in a corporation commonly use a written proxy to give someone else the right to vote their shares at a shareholders' meeting.


n. 1) in admiralty (maritime) law, an attorney. 2) person who keeps order.


noun advocate, agent, appointee, broker, caretaker, delegate, deputy, functionary, instrument, lawyer, lieutenant, manager, minister, monitor, officer, procurator, proxy, representative, second, steward, vicar
See also: advocate, counselor, deputy, director, factor, plenipotentiary, procurator, superintendent

PROCTOR. One appointed to represent in judgment the party who empowers him, by writing under his hand called a proxy. The term is used chiefly in the courts of civil and ecclesiastical law. The proctor is somewhat similar to the attorney. Avl. Parerg. 421.

References in periodicals archive ?
Proctor said she also takes a nap once in a great while - but she doesn't nap every afternoon.
Proctor, 90, has worked on the farm, in health care, child care and several office professions.
Proctor became a participant in the game of political opportunism rampant within the badly factionalized Republican Party in Florida.
The full line of Hamilton Beach and Proctor Silex microwave ovens will formally debut at the International Home & Housewares Show in Chicago, IL and will be available at major mass and specialty retailers in early 2009.
Companies interested in partnership opportunities with Hamilton Beach and Proctor Silex should contact BSP at 310-867-7222.
Heuck, said, "We will be offering cookware and kitchen gadgets that are consistent in image, quality and innovation with the Hamilton Beach(R) and Proctor Silex(R) brands.
Through this partnership we fully expect that they will create a product line worthy of the Hamilton Beach(R) and Proctor Silex(R) brands and distribute to consumers a better cookware and gadget solution at a reasonable price," said Ramez Toubassy, President of Brand Sense Partners.
Americans have enjoyed the heritage of the Hamilton Beach(TM) and Proctor Silex(TM) brands over the past century," noted Hank Wood, Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex's Director, Strategic Business Development.
Christian Jarry, World Cuisine's president and CEO said, "We are pleased to partner with Hamilton Beach/Proctor-Silex and help extend the Hamilton Beach(TM) and Proctor Silex(TM) brands into best in class bakeware.