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The external analysis identifies different kinds of features as distinctively Greek: some of them are broadly literary, since they are linked to the context of a work (for example, occasion) or its style (for instance, Homer's immediacy); others have a more specific narratological nature, such as the "anonymous traveller" discussed by de Jong and the prolepses studied by Pausch.
Preemption transforms its prophecies into self-guaranteeing prolepses in which the future is always written in advance; Wallace's ironic mode of prolepsis, on the other hand, dislocates the position of the reading and narrating subject and destabilizes our claims of actual future knowledge.
11) Prolepses falling into this category signal in advance the scope and contours of the episode at issue, facilitating interpreters' efforts to extract from time's flow a bounded structure, internally differentiated into a beginning, middle, and (pre-announced) end.
Likewise, the frequency with which prolepses or anticipations occur in Beowulf may attest to the poem's rootedness in traditions of spoken (or sung) narrative.
On Homeric prolepses, see Duckworth; de Jong 1987: 81-91; and Richardson 132-39.
This ending is, of course, extremely paradoxical and depends entirely on the contrast with the various prolepses for the further fate of the characters introduced by the poet at earlier points in the poem?
The collected prolepses and analepses analyzed in this volume might inspire, for example, an investigation of the psychological implications of foreshadowing events or of the narration of events in retrospect.
Genette's distinction between completing prolepses which "fill in ahead of time a later blank" that is not later narrated in its "proper" chronological place (71), and repeating prolepses which "still ahead of time--double, however slightly, a narrative section to come" (71), does not seem adequate to this scenario (or at the very least, the reader cannot confidently decide which of the two labels to apply).
In reading it, there are echoes and prolepses that allow us to rethink much work outside the eighteenth century.
Prolepses are rarer than analepses in narratives, but Balzac again provides numerous examples: "The following day those three existences.
Not all prolepses are associated with speculation about the future course of events, as will be seen, but this is very often the case for the annonce.