tariff

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Tariff

The list of items upon which a duty is imposed when they are imported into the United States, together with the rates at which such articles are taxed.

The term tariff is also used in reference to the actual custom or duty payable on such items.

Cross-references

Customs Duties; Import Quotas.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tariff

the level of punishment imposed or recommended for a criminal offence.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TARIFF. Customs, duties, toll. or tribute payable upon merchandise to the general government is called tariff; the rate of customs, &c. also bears this name and the list of articles liable to duties is also called the tariff.
     2. For the tariff of duties imposed on the importation of foreign merchandise into the United States.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The traditional Whig program of economic modernization called for a protective tariff, but only under the assumption of a national market that spanned a continent.
Within the WTO it is easy to secure a protective tariff, as it is always possible to negotiate compensation with producers", said Mr Lamy, adding that the tariff system "does not have all the shortcomings people claim".
Republicans were the party of the protective tariff, Democrats were opposed to the "tariff system." While there was regional variation with respect to details at the level of specific products, this characterization is quite accurate over the entire period with respect to overall commitment to the tariff system.
The 1897 transfer was intended to avoid the protective tariff imposed on US-made goods by Liberal Finance Minister W.S.
Although the Republican Party usually supported a high protective tariff, as a means of aiding American industry and securing full employment, while the Democrats favoured a tariff for revenue purposes only as a way of helping American farmers, politicians of the 1870s and 1880s, imbued with laissez-faire ideas, generally chose to ignore domestic social and economic problems.
On the pro-party side of the debate, many historical accounts of early tariff legislation note the importance of party affiliation in postbellum politics.(6) Edward Stanwood argues, for example, that "all tariff acts have been to a large degree political measures, chiefly designed by their promoters to further the ends of party."(7) Historians and political scientists agree that during this period, "the Democrats favored free trade, or tariffs for revenue only; the Republicans favored a protective tariff," and that the platforms of the parties were consistent with this view.(8)
An examination of our industrial background reveals that high rates of duties and sales tax on plant and machinery ranging from 70% to 100%, mark-up rate of 14% in good old days and now between 20% to 25% compelled our industrialists to go for plants not employing state-of-the-art technology, which were commercially viable mainly because of protective tariff. But if suddenly the doors of global free market economy are opened up not many of such plants would prove efficient and capable of giving quality product.
The removal of trade barriers, protective tariff, and subsidies means that only those livestock industries that are efficient will survive.
However, with the decline of racial segregation--particularly after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964--the protective tariff for Black-owned businesses eroded rapidly.
Milan/London: Fitch Ratings says in a new presentation that European toll road operators demonstrated resilience during the double-dip recession in 2008-2013, mainly due to their protective tariff systems and targeted measures implemented to protect cash-flow generation.
The divisions over the idea that a protective tariff was the centerpiece of American prosperity and the Adamson Act (which instituted an eight-hour work day for railway workers, pushed through the Congress by Wilson to avert a nationwide rail strike) were key to the ideological divisions.