provocation

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Provocation

Conduct by which one induces another to do a particular deed; the act of inducing rage, anger, or resentment in another person that may cause that person to engage in an illegal act.

Provocation may be alleged as a defense to certain crimes in order to lessen the severity of the penalty normally imposed. For example, provocation that would cause a reasonable person to act in a heat of passion—a state of mind where one acts without reflection—may result in a reduction of a charge of murder to a charge of voluntary Manslaughter.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

provocation

in the criminal law, a doctrine that may mitigate an offence. It will reduce a charge of murder to manslaughter in England or to culpable homicide in Scotland. In the civil law in Scotland, provocation can reduce the damages payable for an assault in delict, but not in England for tort.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PROVOCATION. The act of inciting another to do something.
     2. Provocation simply, unaccompanied by a crime or misdemeanor, does not justify the person provoked to commit an assault and battery. In cases of homicide, it may reduce the offence from murder to manslaughter. But when the provocation is given for the purpose of justifying or excusing an intended murder, and the party provoked is killed, it is no justification. 2 Gilb. Ev. by Lofft, 753.
     3. The unjust provocation by a wife of her husband, in consequence of which she suffers from his ill usage, will not entitle her to a divorce on the ground of cruelty; her remedy, in such cases, is by changing her manners. 2 Lee,, R. 172; 1 Hagg. Cons. Rep. 155. Vide Cruelty; To Persuade; 1 Russ. on Cr. B. 3, c. 1, s. 1, page 434, and B. 3, c. 3, s. 1, pa e 486; 1 East, P. C. 232 to 241.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- According to the Russian envoy to the Organisation for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Alexander Shulgin, a new chemical weapons provocation is being planned by militants in Syria's Idlib province.
The Azerbaijan Defense Ministry said the Armed Forced retaliated the Armenian military provocation.
On March, 29, The Russian Defense Ministry said that members Belgian and French intelligence officers have arrived in Idleb province to stage provocations with the use of chemical substances against civilians, as they met with the field commanders of the terrorist organizations of Jabhat al-Nusra and Hurras Al-Din , as well as with the representatives of the pseudo-humanitarian organization "White helmets" in order to organize the provocations of staged film shoots, which would falsely depict Russia and Syria using toxic materials against civilians.
The second phase is that of provocation. The participant passively receives the decisions of the other two players, and especially the provocations and injustice of the unfair player, which induce a feeling of anger rated on a scale from 0 to 10 by the participant himself.
He also expressed satisfaction that Turkey's provocations would be on the agenda of the European Council in March.
However, if the North takes the other path and goes ahead with another provocation involving a nuclear-capable, intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), this will escalate the clashes between Pyongyang and Washington, worsening the situation.
SEUL (CyHAN)- SEOUL -- South Korea's top military officer on Friday warned the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) of "a harsh price" for any further provocations.
Synopsis: "Provocations: Philosophy for Secondary School " is specifically written for teachers in secondary schools, whether they are trained in philosophy for children or just experimenting with the subject.
The best answer to Turkish provocations is to implement the government plans with regard to the Republic's energy resources, Defence Minister Photis Photiou has said, pointing out "this is exactly what we are doing." Invited to comment on an announcement issued by the Turkish armed forces about the harassment of the Norwegian seismic ship "Princess" by a Turkish frigate, on the east of Cyprus, Photiou said the Foreign Ministry will lodge a complaint over this incident.