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A representative; an agent; a document appointing a representative.

A proxy is a person who is designated by another to represent that individual at a meeting or before a public body. It also refers to the written authorization allowing one person to act on behalf of another.

In corporate law, a proxy is the authority to vote stock. This authority is generally provided by the charter and bylaws of a corporation or by a state statute. If authority is not provided, a stockholder cannot vote by proxy. The record owner of the stock whose name is registered on the corporate books is the only individual who can delegate the right to vote. In the absence of an express requirement, no particular form is necessary for a proxy. It must, however, be evidenced by a sufficient written grant of authority. A proxy is not invalid if minor errors or omissions appear on the document.

Generally any power that a stockholder possesses at a corporate meeting can be delegated to a proxy. An ordinary proxy can vote on regular corporate business, such as the amendment of the bylaws. The proxy is not authorized to vote, however, on extraordinary corporate business, such as a merger, unless given special authority to do so. When a proxy acts within the scope of her authority, under agency principles, the stockholder is bound as if she acted in person.

A proxy can be revoked at any time, unless it is coupled with an interest or made expressly irrevocable. The sale of a stockholder's shares automatically revokes any proxies previously given to vote those shares. A proxy can also be revoked when the stockholder gives a subsequent proxy or attends the meeting in person. A stockholder can act as a proxy for another shareholder, but it is not necessary for a proxy to be a stockholder.


n. 1) someone who is authorized to serve in one's place at a meeting, particularly with the right to cast votes. 2) the written authority given to someone to act or vote in someone's place. A proxy is commonly given to cast a stockholder's votes at a meeting of shareholders, and by board members and convention delegates.


noun agency, agent, authority to act for annther, broker, delegate, deputy, dummy, emissary, envoy, lieutenant, messenger, procurator, representation, substitute, substitution, surrogate, vicarius, written authorization
Associated concepts: proxy statement, solicitation of proxy
See also: agency, agent, attorney in fact, conduit, deputy, intermediary, plenipotentiary, proctor, procurator, replacement, substitute, surrogate


1 a person appointed by a company member to attend and vote in place of the member at a company meeting.
2 the instrument appointing a person to act as proxy.

PROXY. A person, appointed in the place of another, to represent him.
     2. In the ecclesiastical law, a judicial proctor, or one who is appointed to manage another man's law concerns, is called a proxy. Ayl. Parerg.
     3. The instrument by which a person is appointed so to act, is likewise called a proxy.
     4. Proxies are also annual payments made by the parochial clergy to the bishop, &c., on visitations. Tom. Law Dictionary, h.t. Vide Rutherf. Inst. 253; Hall's Pr. 14.
     5. The right of voting at an election of an incorporated company by proxy is not a general right, and the party claiming it must show a special authority for that purpose. Ang. on Corp. 67-69; 1 Paige's Ch. Rep. 590; 5 Day's Rep. 329; 5 Cowen, Rep. 426.

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FREY: But I suspect that many plan sponsors don't get involved at all in the proxy process, and I think that's wrong.
The shares of Endesa are represented through the book-entry system, as a consequence of which attendance, voting and proxy cards shall be issued and provided by the financial institutions participating in IBERCLEAR at which the shareholders have their shares deposited, without prejudice to the certificates of standing issued in accordance with the entries of the accounting ledger of the pertinent responsible or member institution.
Utilizing Proxy Aviation's SkyForce distributed management system, and a flight control system produced by Geneva Aerospace, SkyWatcher successfully performed several automatic take-offs and landings (ATOL), fully unmanned and autonomous, without user intervention from the ground control station.
Shareholders with questions regarding the Proxy Statement, as amended, may call The Altman Group toll free at 800-314-9816.
In connection with the proposed merger of Sabre Holdings Corporation ("Sabre Holdings") with affiliates of Texas Pacific Group and Silver Lake Partners, Sabre Holdings filed a preliminary proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 16, 2007.
A proxy statement, which explains each of these proposals in detail, will be mailed to each stockholder of record once finalized.