The non-PD-related pain is primarily psychogenic pain
; even though it is regarded that the pain is not linked to PD, the pain type is still different with pain in control group (while it is mainly joint pain in the control group).
When concentrating attention on color images, their transformation was noted, accompanied by a decrease in the intensity of psychogenic pain
up to its complete disappearance.
Above-mentioned study (7) suggested that young children are more likely to have cardiorespiratory problems, and children older than 12 years of age are more likely to have psychogenic pain
. We found in our study that there is statistically higher risk of structural cardiac disease in older children (p=0.011).
Such is the common experience for those patients who have received various forms of chronic pain diagnosis, or for those who simply are in "chronic pain." In some cases, the condition was simply not looked into and is dismissed as "chronic pain." Other common diagnoses for the "causes" of pain are chronic pain of unknown etiology, psychogenic pain
, and lumbar/sacral pain.
syndromes are widespread in today's stressful world, and psychodynamicists should be playing a key role in their treatment.
A thorough history offers a useful clue to psychogenic pain
. Recent separation, loss, or school failure is a common precedent, and depression may be involved.
In other cases, some people are believed to have psychogenic pain
. Such pain may be considered by some to have a psychological origin without tissue injury.
In the only review of antidepressants and nonorganic pain disorders Fishbain and coworkers did a meta-analysis of 11 studies of antidepressants for patients with specific diagnoses of psychogenic pain
and somatoform pain disorder and found that the drugs decreased pain intensity better than placebo, by one standard deviation.
* Psychogenic pain
. Some cases of pain are not due to past disease or injury, nor is there any detectable sign of damage inside or outside the nervous system.
could be the cause when no physiologic or organic basis could be established (Table 1).
In this manner, there are two main types of pain, organic and psychogenic pain
. In organic pain the aetiology of pain is clearly tissue damage, but psychogenic pain
lacks a clear physical root.
Her condition was subsequently diagnosed as a somatoform disorder with psychogenic pain
secondary to dysthymia, and she was given a prescription of fluoxetine 20 mg daily and clonazepam 1 mg at bedtime for sleep.