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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lack of benefits and pension, pursuing a career in a different field of interest and challenges with the online job system for the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services were also among the reasons why people said they did not stay work in governmental public health in Missouri.
The announcement came as over 200 public health leaders from around the world met in Rome, Italy for the annual IANPHI meeting on Tuesday.
In just the past five years, Jackie has brought comprehensive environmental health services into Prowers public health agency, created a shared approach to public health service delivery with Kiowa County, and represented rural public health in a multitude of state system building efforts.
They have said the proposed body Public Health England must retain independence from the Department of Health and called for a system that creates clear accountabilities.
Strong engagement with the Canadian and international public health community: From the inception of the project, the research team developed strong and ongoing linkages with members of the Canadian public health community, including the Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada, provincial public health departments and agencies, and the Canadian Public Health Association.
The conference working groups recommended that Public Health 101 and Epidemiology 101 be designed to fit within the broadest possible array of arts and science education programs and institutional types.
Dr Pappaioanou is professor of infectious disease epidemiology in the School of Public Health with a joint appointment in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Minnesota.
We have epidemics of diabetes, obesity, violence and a whole bunch of things that are serious public health problems,'' Fielding said.
In 2001, the American Public Health Association cited such probable effects as increased heat-related mortality, more rapid spread of vector-borne disease, greater incidence of water-borne diseases because of more intense precipitation and threatened agriculture to recommend that more attention be paid to climate change.
The funding goes to the 37 local public health units to deliver the public health services.
Planned Parenthood programs and services are funded by each Region in the form of grants and salaries through the local Public Health Departments.

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