Large, modern bureaucracies, such as the Internal Revenue Service, often function as designated punishers, guaranteeing contribution to public goods.
This error probably did not affect the punishment decision (because punishers did not know an error had occurred) but we removed the observations from our original regression as a precaution, No Fixed Effects This regression does not include fixed effects for individuals (a) Significant at 5% (b) Significant at 1%
While rational punishers assume others are also acting rationally, strategic punishers may anticipate non-rational actions from others and work to gain from them.
In the single-punisher treatment, one assigned punisher was randomly selected from each group after all contributions had been made and only that member was allowed to punish all other members of the group.
The punisher id was hidden so there participants could not deliberately retaliate against an id number that had punished them previously.
If individuals follow this model, they will not punish a given level of cheating at all in the unrestricted treatment but will punish that same level of cheating if designated punisher in the second treatment.
82 more punishment points when designated the sole punisher than when other group members may also punish.
The Punishers faced the Connecticut Chargers to determine who was going to the championship game.
The night before the championship game, the Punishers learned they would play the San Diego Heat for the title.
Now that the Punishers have won the A Division, they will move to the Open Division.
Every week, we will focus on different playing positions and by the end of the clinics, all participants will be invited to play in the developmental league which will have several teams led by seasoned players from the Philippine Punishers
," said Beasley.