'Canadian Style': Cultural Values and Canadian Punishment Policy." Punishment & Society 17(3):299-321.
I am not entirely convinced by the authors' claim that the 'de-escalation of punishment is possible mainly because the sentiment of punitiveness
has undergone an important shift (11)', but I find their optimism refreshing and overall analyses significant.
A guidelines scheme would (and should) constrain both legislators and sentencers from periodic surges of punitiveness
. In August 2011, the extraordinary riots taking place in a number of English cities created an unexpected and unwelcome challenge for the guidelines.
Seventeen contributions from international academics consider the trend towards punitiveness
in contemporary penal practice in the U.S.
Surely, even if the public demand for punitiveness
is as overwhelming as right wing media and politicians insist (a dubious assertion, see Immarigeon 1991; Braithwaite and Mugford 1994), we should be challenging consensuses that reinforce law and order lobbies, laying the intellectual groundwork for counter-hegemonic battles and positing alternatives.
The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) confederation also is noted for a major characteristic, the absence of punitiveness
and the presence of discipline as the mode of social control.
The intensity of such punitiveness
among Jamaican parents has also been studied.
In its successful attempt to trace the changing physiognomy of the carceral state and to map the yet unexplored landscape of the potential aftermaths of mass incarceration, Progressive Punishment brings to the surface some of the most pressing issues facing critical scholars of punishment: Will the US penal state manage to reproduce its expansionist carceral policies, despite cyclical fiscal crises and the apparent loss of currency of the populist punitiveness
that sustained prison expansion in the past?
Swinging between the 'caring ethos of social services and the neo-liberalistic ethos of responsibility and punishment' (Muncie & Hughes, 2002:1), youth justice policy is often largely dependent on political imperatives with regard to which approach is favoured resulting, largely, in policies shaped by the political rhetoric of punitiveness
(Downes & Morgan, 2012).
. (24) This suggests that these different factors are either
This is said to represent a break in Doob and Webster's (2006:359) description of the braided factors that allowed Canada to limit the "impact of popular punitiveness
on imprisonment rates" through the latter half of the twentieth century.
Although LaChance and many others demonstrate that crime alone cannot explain the persistence of the death penalty or any other form of punitiveness
in the United States, the disregard for violence entirely has overlooked dramatic changes to the social order that began with "the alarming rate at which white men, without any apparent warning or motive, embarked on killing jags" (p.