Dinoponera have queenless
colonies, where reproduction is taken over by a fertile dominant worker known as a "gamergate".
Table 1--Two-way ANOVA of the selectivity between types of bait granules in queenless
sub-colonies of Atta sexdens rubropilosa.
Most of the queenless
colonies, seven out of 10, simply joined a neighboring colony - determined by genetic analysis - with the new workers slowly losing their distinct colony odor, and within days becoming fully integrated.
When August directs Lily to a queenless
hive of bees, she explains, "You have to find a mother inside yourself We all do" (288) More than just emotional self-nourishing, this inner parenting assumes a spiritual comfort as well, for August tells Lily, "Our Lady is not some magical being out there somewhere, like a fairy godmother.
In the queenless
zone, workers soon began laying eggs prolifically, as they do when their queen dies.
In a queenless
hive, bees "are dead and they smell bad," says Gumilev.
Both a queenless
hive and a swarm taking flight make distinct sounds.
Abstract: Survivorship curves and longevity of workers were studied in two queenright and two queenless
colonies of Bombus (Fervidobombus) atratus.
colonies will be adopted by new queens--which provides one explanation why ants have reinfested treated areas and may be related to how polygyne colonies form.
Laying workers usually develop in queenless
Reproductive competition in queenless
honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera L.).
When she danced, movement and music seemed queenless
, kingless, fast, democratic--and a bit shocking.