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So, it seems fair to ask, if in other contexts racial equality prevents us choosing the most efficient way to prevent crime, why does it not prevent us choosing racial profiling over other forms of policing, even if racial profiling is more efficient than the alternatives?
Tanovich poses six major questions: When should policing be characterized as racial profiling? Why does it occur?
One need not be an unreconstructed vulgar Marxist to suggest, quite unremarkably, that insofar as the state operates in politically expedient ways, refrains from calling the basic organization of society into question, and constantly re-inscribes hegemonic understandings of racism, a certain measure of caution is justifiable in response to instances when state functionaries declare their intent to address an issue such as racial profiling. In Canada, specifically, where the discourse of racial tolerance has far more currency than that of racial justice and where the preferred mode of crisis containment is the production and issuance of commissioned reports, the scope of (ostensibly) progressive state action tends to be tightly circumscribed.
Racial profiling occurs when law enforcement interprets race as "a mark of increased risk of criminality." (5) Most racial profiling today is conducted by individual officers engaged in street-level policing; it is not generally a practice authorized by state statutes, local ordinances, or even police manuals or guidelines.
The study is the first of its kind in Canada, and confirms that racial profiling in policing organizations does exist.
Fueling the accusations of racial profiling is a statement from Judge John Reilly who presides over provincial court in the Banff/Cochrane area that has jurisdiction for most of the Stoney/Nakota First Nation.
There is still some debate about how to define racial profiling. The courts and numerous criminal justice professionals have suggested varying definitions.
It was the early 2000s when Obama was working on legislation against racial profiling by police, and Millner said he had some ideas about information gathering to help separate the reality of the problem from perception.
It is not the first time a well-known firm in the US has had accusations of racial profiling made against their staff.
Mount Vernon mayor, Richard Thomas, has accused JP Morgan Chase of racial profiling.
He said he was "used to" racial profiling after flying to England at the height of IRA attacks.