Practice

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Practice

Repeated or customary action; habitual performance; a succession of acts of similar kind; custom; usage. The exercise of any profession.

The form or mode or proceeding in courts of justice for the enforcement of rights or the redress of wrongs, as distinguished from the Substantive Law that gives the right or denounces the wrong. The form, manner, or order of instituting and conducting an action or other judicial proceeding, through its successive stages to its end, in accordance with the rules and principles laid down by law or by the regulations and precedents of the courts.

An attorney is actually engaged in the Practice of Law when she maintains an office, offers to perform legal services, describes herself as an attorney on letterheads or business cards, counsels clients, negotiates with other parties or opposing counsel, and fixes and collects fees for legal work. A doctor is practicing medicine when he discovers the cause and nature of diseases, treats illnesses and injuries, or prescribes and administers medical or surgical care. Lawyers and doctors must qualify for licenses before they may practice their professions.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

practice

1) n. custom or habit as shown by repeated action, as in "it is the practice in the industry to confirm orders before shipping." 2) the legal business, as in "law practice," or "the practice of the law." 3) v. to repeat an activity in order to maintain or improve skills, as "he practices the violin every evening." 4) v. to conduct a law business, as "she practices law in St. Louis."

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

PRACTICE. The form, manner and order of conducting and carrying on suits or prosecutions in the courts through their various stages, according, to the principles of law, and the rules laid down by the respective courts.
     2. By practice is also meant the business which an attorney or counsellor does; as, A B has a good practice.
     3. The books on practice are very numerous; among the most popular are those Of Tidd, Chitty, Archbold, Sellon, Graham, Dunlap, Caines, Troubat and Haly, Blake, Impey.
     4. A settled, uniform, and loll, continued practice, without objection is evidence of what the law is, and such practice is based on principles which are founded in justice and convenience. Buck, 279; 2 Russ. R. 19, 570; 2 Jac. It. 232; 5 T. R. 380; 1 Y. & J. 167, 168; 2 Crompt. & M. 55; Ram on Judgm. ch. 7.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Block practice produces better performance when evaluated in the task acquisition phase, but when we compare the performance of the groups in retention and transfer tests, we find results that lead to a better performance of random practice rather than practice in blocks (Schimidt, 1982).
A moderate interference condition provided the advantages of practicing skills repeatedly as found in blocked practice and the benefits of enhanced processing as found in random practice. More specifically, the block-random schedule with progressions from blocked to random conditions may be most suitable for learning.
More specifically, moderate interference protocols have included alternating (Landin, et al., 2003; Wrisberg and Liu, 1991), blocked followed by random practice (French et al., 1990; Jarus and Goverover, 1999; Wegman, 1999), increasing interference (Porter and Magill, 2004; Porter and Magill, 2010; Porter and Saemi, 2010), randomized-blocks (Jones and French, 2007), serial (Bortoli, et al., 1992; Goode and Magill, 1986; Keller et al., 2006; Landin and Hebert, 1997), and serial-with-high-interference (Bortoli, et al., 1992).
Finally, considering that more time and effort is spent in practice involving random practice schedules, it may be feasible to explore other forms of practice that represent random conditions instead of practicing the skills in isolation.
(1993) Combinations of blocked and random practice orders: benefits to acquisition and retention.
completed a study on the effects on learning under blocked versus random practice schedules using an auditory model applied to the learning of timing sequences.
The conclusion was that although a random practice protocol is more demanding than blocked practice, because students cannot assume that every problem is based on the immediately preceding problem (or is similar to it), the apparent benefits of such a protocol are evidenced in retention and generalization tests.
One possible explanation of why a random practice format results in better learning (relative to blocked practice) is called the contextual interference effect which proposes that: 1) factors that make a task more difficult for the individual enhance remembering and transfer; 2) intertask facilitation is produced by intratask interference, which is caused by an attempt to keep multiple items in immediate memory at one time; 3) the net effect of high interference is increased learning and retention.
The benefits of random practice on long-term retention are supported by numerous studies.