Ransom

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ransom

1) n. money paid to a kidnapper in demand for the release of the person abducted. Ransom money can also be paid to return a valuable object such as a stolen painting. 2) v. to pay money to an abductor to return the person held captive. (See: kidnapping, abduction)

RANSOM, contracts, war. An agreement made between the commander of a capturing vessel with the commander of a vanquished vessel, at sea, by which the former permits the latter to depart with his vessel, and gives him a safe conduct, in consideration of a sum of money, which the commander of the vanquished vessel, in his own name, and in the name of the owners of his vessel and cargo, promises to pay at a future time named, to the other.
     2. This contract is usually made in writing in duplicate, one of which is kept by the vanquished vessel which is its safe conduct; and the other by the conquering vessel, which is properly called ransom bill.
     3. This contract, when made in good faith, and not locally prohibited, is valid, and may be enforced. Such contracts have never been prohibited in this country. 1 Kent, Com. 105. In England they are generally forbidden. Chit. Law of Nat. 90 91; Poth. Tr. du Dr. de Propr. n. 127. Vide 2 Bro. Civ. Law, 260; Wesk. 435; 7 Com. Dig. 201; Marsh. Ins. 431; 2 Dall. 15; 15 John. 6; 3 Burr. 1734. The money paid for the redemption of such property is also called the ransom.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is presumed that the one being ransomed is precious enough as, or even more precious than, what is being used as ransom.
In 2003, an ill-equipped band captured dozens of European tourists in Mali and Algeria; it eventually ransomed them for $6.6 million, paid by the German government.
Radu Ioanid and his mother were among the Jews ransomed by Israel from Ceaucescu's Romania, and in The Ransom Of The Jews: The Story Of Extraordinary Secret Bargain Between Romania And Israel, he sets to rest the various myths and rumors about a policy which strangely enough resulted in the author's freedom.