raptorial


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Indeed, previous research into scaling in stomatopod strikes has shown that force increases with increasing muscle cross-sectional area (Mendoza Blanco and Patek, 2014), size of the raptorial appendage (striking appendage), and overall body size (Patek and Caldwell, 2005; Zack et al., 2009; Claverie et al., 2011).
This genus is independently known through an empirically based division of bird lifestyle into raptorial and nonraptorial.
The front legs are short and raptorial, enabling them to grasp small prey organisms.
For example, Himalayan snowcocks (Tetraogallus himalayensis), a bird that feeds on grasses, forbs, and sedges, are more vulnerable to raptorial predators in areas where they can forage most efficiently (Bland and Temple 1990).
Because of their large body size (compared to sympatric rodents), locally high densities, and diurnal habits, ground squirrels are important prey for a wide variety of vertebrate predators, including several raptorial birds (Marti et al.
The prothoracic legs are raptorial and are used to grasp and hold females during mating interactions.
Mammal remains from cast pellets of raptorial birds often are of considerable aid in verifying the distribution of small mammals in an area, because raptors frequently prey upon species that are difficult to obtain by conventional collecting methods.
Finally, penaeid postlarvae become benthic and switch to raptorial feeding of larger prey.
The contribution of raptorial birds to patterning in .small mammal assemblages.
They are sit-and-wait predators that catch bypassing prey with their strongly incrassate, raptorial forelegs.
Woody plants are important for a diversity of bird species as they provide food, cover, sites for nesting, roosting, perching, and observation posts for raptorial birds (Dean et al., 1999; Ffolliott et al., 2011).